Labour Party Forms Majority Government (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Labour Party forms a majority government, introducing a planned economy, nationalizing several industries, and creating the modern welfare state.
Summary of Event
The victory of the Labour Party in the parliamentary elections of July, 1945, marked the end of the National Coalition government which had held office in Great Britain since 1931. This government, comprising Conservatives, Liberals, and a few Labourites, represented the effort of its members to find solutions to the grave financial problems which had been brought on by the Great Depression of 1929. In reality, the National Coalition government was only a facade for the rule of the Conservative Party, which in its own right commanded an absolute majority in Parliament as constituted in the elections of 1931 and 1935.
The Conservative leader Stanley Baldwin headed the coalition as prime minister from 1935 to 1937. Following his resignation, King George VI called upon Neville Chamberlain, also a Conservative, to lead the nation. Chamberlain’s policy of appeasing Nazi Germany in the late 1930’s led to his resignation in 1940, when Adolf Hitler, chancellor and führer of Germany, ordered German troops to overrun Western Europe. King George thereupon asked Winston Churchill, the spokesman for those Conservatives who had condemned appeasement, to form a government. Churchill reorganized the cabinet extensively, bringing in both...
(The entire section is 1574 words.)
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