Kushite King Piye Conquers Upper Egypt (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: Piye conquered Egypt and restored its splendor, renewing its cultural traditions as well as increasing its political power.
Summary of Event
The vast expanse of Sudan, Africa’s largest nation in modern times, contains much evidence of advanced ancient civilizations. In northern Sudan, several early cultures exerted influences that spread to Egypt, which eventually dominated the lower half of the Nile River basin. Lured by the region’s gold, the Egyptians conquered the Sudanese kingdom of Kush, the region known later in the ancient period as Nubia. So valued was this colony that one of the highest offices meted out by the pharaohs was that of viceroy (governor) of Kush. As Egypt’s power waxed, Kush’s contributions to its powerful northern neighbor’s civilization were often obscured.
The New Kingdom period (c. 1570-c. 1069 b.c.e.), the zenith of Egypt’s power, ended when Kush freed itself from Egyptian rule. Around 1087, Viceroy Panehsy of Kush led a rebellion against Egypt and occupied the Upper Egyptian capital, Thebes. Around 1080, Theban high priest Herihor successfully led the priests of the sun god Amen-Ra in a revolt against the Kushites, and Upper Egypt became a theocracy. The Kushites then created an independent kingdom in the south, while the kings of the Twenty-first Dynasty (1069-945) ruled the Nile Delta from Tanis.
By the eighth century b.c.e., Egypt’s...
(The entire section is 1524 words.)
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