Brown, Berit I., ed. Nordic Experiences: Exploration of Scandinavian Cultures. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997. See essay 21, “The Ocean of Consciousness Novel I: Hunger by Knut Hamsun—Progenitor of Modernism.” Also see essay 22, “Knut Hamsun in His Letters.”
Buttry, Dolores. “Knut Hamsun and the Rousseaunian Soul.” Scandinavica 19 (1980): 121-138. Useful as a different approach, emphasizing the Romantic as well as the realistic elements in Hamsun’s fiction.
Ferguson, Robert. Enigma: The Life of Knut Hamsun. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1987. An excellent, unflinching look at the ambiguities and complexities of Hamsun’s life. This illustrated biography falls into three parts: Hamsun’s picaresque early life, the middle period with its back-to-the-earth emphasis, and the later years of Hamsun’s involvement with Hitler. Includes a bibliography (only a handful of the entries are in English) and a chronological list of Hamsun’s works.
Gustafson, Alrik. “Man and the Soil: Knut Hamsun.” In Six Scandinavian Novelists. Minneapolis: The American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1940. An admiring and sentimental look at Hamsun’s life before World War II, with a generous look at the early years and a novel-by-novel account of Hamsun’s greatest works.
Hamsun, Knut. Overgrown Paths. Translated by Carl Anderson. New York: Paul S. Eriksson, 1967. A memoir writen between 1945 and 1948, while Hamsun was interned on suspicion of aiding the Nazis. As he awaits his trial, Hamsun reflects on his life, his politics, his books, and his importance as a writer.
Hamsun, Knut. Selected Letters. 2 vols. Chester Springs, Pa.: Dufour Editions, 1990-1998. These selections from Hamsun’s correspondence are translated from Norwegian into English. Includes bibliography and index.
Humpál, Martin. The Roots of Modernist Narrative: Knut Hamsun’s Novels “Hunger,” “Mysteries,” and “Pan.” Oslo: Solum forlag, 1998. Critical study points out the modernist elements in Hamsun’s novels.
Mazor, Yair. The Triple Cord, Agnon, Hamsun, Strindberg: Where Scandinavian and Hebrew Literature Meet. Tel Aviv, Israel: Papyrus, 1987. Six chapters exploring Hamsun’s influence on Hebrew literature, with extensive notes but no bibliography. This work is more wide-ranging than its title suggests. It draws on the best scholarship in both literatures, exploring the fundamental problems of representation in literature and the development of modern fiction.
Næss, Harald S. Knut Hamsun. Boston: Twayne, 1984. A good introductory study, with chapters on Hamsun’s life and on all of his major novels. Includes chronology, notes, and bibliography.