King Lear eText - Act IV

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Act IV

Scene I

The heath.

[Enter Edgar]

[Exit]

[Exeunt]

EDGAR:
Yet better thus, and known to be contemned,
Than still contemned and flattered. To be worst,
The lowest and most dejected thing of fortune,
Stands still in esperance, lives not in fear:
The lamentable change is from the best;(5)
The worst returns to laughter. Welcome, then,
Thou unsubstantial air that I embrace!
The wretch that thou hast blown unto the worst
Owes nothing to thy blasts. But who comes here?
[Enter Gloucester, led by an Old Man](10)
My father, poorly led? World, world, O world!
But that thy strange mutations make us hate thee,
Life would not yield to age.
OLD MAN:
O, my good lord, I have been your tenant, and your
father's tenant, these fourscore years.

GLOUCESTER:
Away, get thee away; good friend, be gone:(15)
Thy comforts can do me no good at all;
Thee they may hurt.
OLD MAN:
Alack, sir, you cannot see your way.
GLOUCESTER:
I have no way, and therefore want no eyes;
I stumbled when I saw: full oft 'tis seen,(20)
Our means secure us, and our mere defects
Prove our commodities. O dear son Edgar,
The food of thy abused father's wrath!

Might I but live to see thee in my touch,
I'ld say I had eyes again!

OLD MAN:
How now! Who's there?
EDGAR:
O gods! Who is't can say ‘I am at the worst’?(25)
I am worse than e'er I was.

[Aside]

OLD MAN:
'Tis poor mad Tom.
EDGAR:
And worse I may be yet: the worst is not
So long as we can say ‘This is the worst.’

[Aside]

OLD MAN:
Fellow, where goest?(30)
GLOUCESTER:
Is it a beggar-man?
OLD MAN:
Madman and beggar too.
GLOUCESTER:
He has some reason, else he could not beg.
I' the last night's storm I such a fellow saw;
Which made me think a man a worm: my son(35)
Came then into my mind; and yet my mind
Was then scarce friends with him: I have heard more
since.
As flies to wanton boys, are we to the gods.
They kill us for their sport.(40)
EDGAR:
[Aside] How should this be?
Bad is the trade that must play fool to sorrow,
Angering itself and others.—Bless thee, master!
GLOUCESTER:
Is that the naked fellow?
OLD MAN:
Ay, my lord.(45)
GLOUCESTER:
Then, prithee, get thee gone: if, for my sake,
Thou wilt o'ertake us, hence a mile or twain,
I' the way toward Dover, do it for ancient love;
And bring some covering for this naked soul,
Who I'll entreat to lead me.(50)
OLD MAN:
Alack, sir, he is mad.
GLOUCESTER:
'Tis the times' plague, when madmen lead the
blind.
Do as I bid thee, or rather do thy pleasure;
Above the rest, be gone.(55)
OLD MAN:
I'll bring him the best 'parel that I have,
Come on't what will.
GLOUCESTER:
Sirrah, naked fellow,—
EDGAR:
Poor Tom's a-cold. [Aside] I cannot daub it further.
GLOUCESTER:
Come hither, fellow.(60)
EDGAR:
And yet I must.—Bless thy sweet eyes, they
bleed.

[Aside]

GLOUCESTER:
Know'st thou the way to Dover?
EDGAR:
Both stile and gate, horse-way and foot-path. Poor
Tom hath been scared out of his good wits: bless thee,(65)
good man's son, from the foul fiend! five fiends have been
in poor Tom at once; of lust, as Obidicut; Hobbididence,
prince of dumbness; Mahu, of stealing; Modo, of murder;
Flibbertigibbet, of mopping and mowing, who since possesses
chambermaids and waiting-women. So, bless thee, master!(70)
GLOUCESTER:
Here, take this purse, thou whom the heavens'
plagues
Have humbled to all strokes. That I am wretched
Makes thee the happier: heavens, deal so still!
Let the superfluous and lust-dieted man,(75)
That slaves your ordinance, that will not see
Because he doth not feel, feel your power quickly;
So distribution should undo excess,
And each man have enough. Dost thou know Dover?
EDGAR:
Ay, master.(80)
GLOUCESTER:
There is a cliff, whose high and bending head
Looks fearfully in the confined deep:
Bring me but to the very brim of it,
And I'll repair the misery thou dost bear
With something rich about me: from that place(85)
I shall no leading need.
EDGAR:
Give me thy arm:
Poor Tom shall lead thee.

Scene II

Before Albany's palace.

[Enter Goneril and Edmund]

[Exit]

[Enter Albany]

[Enter a Messenger]

[Exit]

[Exeunt]

GONERIL:
Welcome, my lord: I marvel our mild husband
Not met us on the way.

Now, where's your master?

[Enter Oswald]

OSWALD:
Madam, within; but never man so changed.
I told him of the army that was landed;
He smiled at it: I told him you were coming:(5)
His answer was ‘The worse:’ of Gloucester's treachery,
And of the loyal service of his son,
When I informed him, then he called me sot,
And told me I had turned the wrong side out:
What most he should dislike seems pleasant to him;(10)
What like, offensive.
GONERIL:
Then shall you go no further.
It is the cowish terror of his spirit,
That dares not undertake: he'll not feel wrongs
Which tie him to an answer. Our wishes on the way(15)
May prove effects. Back, Edmund, to my brother;
Hasten his musters and conduct his powers:
I must change arms at home, and give the distaff
Into my husband's hands. This trusty servant
Shall pass between us: ere long you are like to hear,(20)
If you dare venture in your own behalf,
A mistress's command. Wear this; spare speech;
Decline your head: this kiss, if it durst speak,
Would stretch thy spirits up into the air:
Conceive, and fare thee well.(25)

[To Edmund]

[Giving a favor]

EDMUND:
Yours in the ranks of death.
GONERIL:
My most dear Gloucester!
O, the difference of man and man!
To thee a woman's services are due:
My fool usurps my body.(30)

[Exit Edmund]

OSWALD:
Madam, here comes my lord.
GONERIL:
I have been worth the whistle.
ALBANY:
O Goneril!
You are not worth the dust which the rude wind
Blows in your face. I fear your disposition:(35)
That nature, which contemns its origin,
Cannot be bordered certain in itself;
She that herself will sliver and disbranch
From her material sap, perforce must wither
And come to deadly use.(40)
GONERIL:
No more; the text is foolish.
ALBANY:
Wisdom and goodness to the vile seem vile:
Filths savor but themselves. What have you done?
Tigers, not daughters, what have you performed?
A father, and a gracious aged man,(45)
Whose reverence even the head-lugged bear would lick,
Most barbarous, most degenerate! have you madded.
Could my good brother suffer you to do it?
A man, a prince, by him so benefited!
If that the heavens do not their visible spirits(50)
Send quickly down to tame these vile offences,
It will come,
Humanity must perforce prey on itself,
Like monsters of the deep.
GONERIL:
Milk-livered man!(55)
That bear'st a cheek for blows, a head for wrongs;
Who hast not in thy brows an eye discerning
Thine honor from thy suffering; that not know'st
Fools do those villains pity who are punished
Ere they have done their mischief. Where's thy drum?(60)
France spreads his banners in our noiseless land;
With plumed helm thy slayer begins threats;
Whiles thou, a moral fool, sit'st still, and criest
‘Alack, why does he so?’
ALBANY:
See thyself, devil!(65)
Proper deformity seems not in the fiend
So horrid as in woman.
GONERIL:
O vain fool!
ALBANY:
Thou changed and self-covered thing, for shame,
Be-monster not thy feature. Were't my fitness(70)
To let these hands obey my blood,
They are apt enough to dislocate and tear
Thy flesh and bones: howe'er thou art a fiend,
A woman's shape doth shield thee.
GONERIL:
Marry, your manhood now—(75)
ALBANY:
What news?
MESSENGER:
O, my good lord, the Duke of Cornwall's dead:
Slain by his servant, going to put out
The other eye of Gloucester.
ALBANY:
Gloucester's eye!(80)
MESSENGER:
A servant that he bred, thrilled with remorse,
Opposed against the act, bending his sword
To his great master; who, thereat enraged,
Flew on him, and amongst them felled him dead;
But not without that harmful stroke, which since(85)
Hath plucked him after.
ALBANY:
This shows you are above,
You justicers, that these our nether crimes
So speedily can venge! But, O poor Gloucester!
Lost he his other eye?(90)
MESSENGER:
Both, both, my lord.
This letter, madam, craves a speedy answer;
'Tis from your sister.
GONERIL:
One way I like this well;
But being widow, and my Gloucester with her,(95)
May all the building in my fancy pluck
Upon my hateful life: another way,
The news is not so tart.—I'll read, and answer.

[Aside]

ALBANY:
Where was his son when they did take his eyes?
MESSENGER:
Come with my lady hither.(100)
ALBANY:
He is not here.
MESSENGER:
No, my good lord; I met him back again.
ALBANY:
Knows he the wickedness?
MESSENGER:
Ay, my good lord; 'twas he informed against him;
And quit the house on purpose, that their punishment(105)
Might have the freer course.
ALBANY:
Gloucester, I live
To thank thee for the love thou showedst the king,
And to revenge thine eyes. Come hither, friend:
Tell me what more thou know'st.(110)

Scene III

The French camp near Dover.

[Enter Kent and a Gentleman]

[Exeunt]

KENT:
Why the King of France is so suddenly gone back know
you the reason?
GENTLEMAN:
Something he left imperfect in the state, which
since his coming forth is thought of; which imports to
the kingdom so much fear and danger, that his personal(5)
return was most required and necessary.
KENT:
Who hath he left behind him general?
GENTLEMAN:
The Marshal of France, Monsieur La Far.
KENT:
Did your letters pierce the queen to any demonstration
of grief?(10)
GENTLEMAN:
Ay, sir; she took them, read them in my presence;
And now and then an ample tear trilled down
Her delicate cheek: it seemed she was a queen
Over her passion; who, most rebel-like,
Sought to be king o'er her.(15)
KENT:
O, then it moved her.
GENTLEMAN:
Not to a rage: patience and sorrow strove
Who should express her goodliest. You have seen
Sunshine and rain at once: her smiles and tears
Were like a better way: those happy smilets,(20)
That played on her ripe lip, seemed not to know
What guests were in her eyes; which parted thence,
As pearls from diamonds dropped. In brief,
Sorrow would be a rarity most beloved,
If all could so become it.(25)
KENT:
Made she no verbal question?
GENTLEMAN:
'Faith, once or twice she heaved the name of
‘father’
Pantingly forth, as if it pressed her heart:
Cried 'Sisters! sisters! Shame of ladies! sisters!(30)
Kent! father! sisters! What, i' the storm? i' the night?
Let pity not be believed!' There she shook
The holy water from her heavenly eyes,
And clamor moistened: then away she started
To deal with grief alone.(35)
KENT:
It is the stars,
The stars above us, govern our conditions;
Else one self mate and mate could not beget
Such different issues. You spoke not with her since?
GENTLEMAN:
No.(40)
KENT:
Was this before the king returned?
GENTLEMAN:
No, since.
KENT:
Well, sir, the poor distressed Lear's i' the town;
Who sometime, in his better tune, remembers
What we are come about, and by no means(45)
Will yield to see his daughter.
GENTLEMAN:
Why, good sir?
KENT:
A sovereign shame so elbows him: his own
unkindness,
That stripped her from his benediction, turned her(50)
To foreign casualties, gave her dear rights
To his dog-hearted daughters, these things sting
His mind so venomously, that burning shame
Detains him from Cordelia.
GENTLEMAN:
Alack, poor gentleman!(55)
KENT:
Of Albany's and Cornwall's powers you heard not?
GENTLEMAN:
'Tis so, they are afoot.
KENT:
Well, sir, I'll bring you to our master Lear,
And leave you to attend him: some dear cause
Will in concealment wrap me up awhile;(60)
When I am known aright, you shall not grieve
Lending me this acquaintance. I pray you, go
Along with me.

Scene IV

The same. A tent.

[Enter, with drum and colors, Cordelia, Doctor, and Soldiers]

[Enter a Messenger]

[Exeunt]

CORDELIA:
Alack, 'tis he: why, he was met even now
As mad as the vexed sea; singing aloud;
Crowned with rank fumiter and furrow-weeds,
With hardocks, hemlock, nettles, cuckoo-flowers,
Darnel, and all the idle weeds that grow(5)
In our sustaining corn. A century send forth;
Search every acre in the high-grown field,
And bring him to our eye. [Exit an Officer] What can
man's wisdom
In the restoring his bereaved sense?(10)
He that helps him take all my outward worth.
DOCTOR:
There is means, madam:
Our foster-nurse of nature is repose,
The which he lacks; that to provoke in him,
Are many simples operative, whose power(15)
Will close the eye of anguish.
CORDELIA:
All blest secrets,
All you unpublished virtues of the earth,
Spring with my tears! be aidant and remediate
In the good man's distress! Seek, seek for him;(20)
Lest his ungoverned rage dissolve the life
That wants the means to lead it.
MESSENGER:
News, madam;
The British powers are marching hitherward.
CORDELIA:
'Tis known before; our preparation stands(25)
In expectation of them. O dear father,
It is thy business that I go about;
Therefore great France
My mourning and important tears hath pitied.
No blown ambition doth our arms incite,(30)
But love, dear love, and our aged father's right:
Soon may I hear and see him!

Scene V

Gloucester's castle.

[Enter Regan and Oswald]

[Exeunt]

REGAN:
But are my brother's powers set forth?
OSWALD:
Ay, madam.
REGAN:
Himself in person there?
OSWALD:
Madam, with much ado:
Your sister is the better soldier.(5)
REGAN:
Lord Edmund spake not with your lord at home?
OSWALD:
No, madam.
REGAN:
What might import my sister's letter to him?
OSWALD:
I know not, lady.
REGAN:
Faith, he is posted hence on serious matter.(10)
It was great ignorance, Gloucester's eyes being out,
To let him live: where he arrives he moves
All hearts against us: Edmund, I think,
is gone, In pity of his misery, to dispatch
His nighted life: moreover, to descry(15)
The strength o' the enemy.
OSWALD:
I must needs after him, madam, with my letter.
REGAN:
Our troops set forth to-morrow: stay with us;
The ways are dangerous.
OSWALD:
I may not, madam:(20)
My lady charged my duty in this business.
REGAN:
Why should she write to Edmund? Might not you
Transport her purposes by word? Belike,
Something—I know not what: I'll love thee much,
Let me unseal the letter.(25)
OSWALD:
Madam, I had rather—
REGAN:
I know your lady does not love her husband;
I am sure of that: and at her late being here
She gave strange oeillades and most speaking looks
To noble Edmund. I know you are of her bosom.(30)
OSWALD:
I, madam?
REGAN:
I speak in understanding; you are; I know't:
Therefore I do advise you, take this note:
My lord is dead; Edmund and I have talked;
And more convenient is he for my hand(35)
Than for your lady's: you may gather more.
If you do find him, pray you, give him this;
And when your mistress hears thus much from you,
I pray, desire her call her wisdom to her.
So, fare you well.(40)
If you do chance to hear of that blind traitor,
Preferment falls on him that cuts him off.
OSWALD:
Would I could meet him, madam! I should show
What party I do follow.
REGAN:
Fare thee well.(45)

Scene VI

Fields near Dover.

[Enter Gloucester, and Edgar dressed like a peasant]

[He falls forward]

[Enter a Gentleman, with Attendants]

[Exit running; Attendants follow]

[Exit Gentleman]

[Enter Oswald]

[Edgar interposes]

[They fight, and Edgar knocks him down]

[Dies]

[Drum afar off]

[Exeunt]

GLOUCESTER:
When shall we come to the top of that same
hill?
EDGAR:
You do climb up it now: look, how we labor.
GLOUCESTER:
Methinks the ground is even.
EDGAR:
Horrible steep.(5)
Hark, do you hear the sea?
GLOUCESTER:
No, truly.
EDGAR:
Why, then, your other senses grow imperfect
By your eyes' anguish.
GLOUCESTER:
So may it be, indeed:(10)
Methinks thy voice is altered; and thou speak'st
In better phrase and matter than thou didst.
EDGAR:
You're much deceived: in nothing am I changed
But in my garments.
GLOUCESTER:
Methinks you're better spoken.(15)
EDGAR:
Come on, sir; here's the place: stand still. How fearful
And dizzy 'tis, to cast one's eyes so low!
The crows and choughs that wing the midway air
Show scarce so gross as beetles: half way down
Hangs one that gathers samphire, dreadful trade!(20)
Methinks he seems no bigger than his head:
The fishermen, that walk upon the beach,
Appear like mice; and yond tall anchoring bark,
Diminished to her cock; her cock, a buoy
Almost too small for sight: the murmuring surge,(25)
That on the unnumbered idle pebbles chafes,
Cannot be heard so high. I'll look no more;
Lest my brain turn, and the deficient sight
Topple down headlong.
GLOUCESTER:
Set me where you stand.(30)
EDGAR:
Give me your hand: you are now within a foot
Of the extreme verge: for all beneath the moon
Would I not leap upright.
GLOUCESTER:
Let go my hand.
Here, friend, 's another purse; in it a jewel(35)
Well worth a poor man's taking: fairies and gods
Prosper it with thee! Go thou farther off;
Bid me farewell, and let me hear thee going.
EDGAR:
Now fare you well, good sir.
GLOUCESTER:
With all my heart.(40)
EDGAR:
Why I do trifle thus with his despair
Is done to cure it.
GLOUCESTER:
O you mighty gods!
This world I do renounce, and, in your sights,
Shake patiently my great affliction off:(45)
If I could bear it longer, and not fall
To quarrel with your great opposeless wills,
My snuff and loathed part of nature should
Burn itself out. If Edgar live, O, bless him!
Now, fellow, fare thee well.(50)

[Kneeling]

EDGAR:
Gone, sir: farewell.
And yet I know not how conceit may rob
The treasury of life, when life itself
Yields to the theft: had he been where he thought,
By this, had thought been past. Alive or dead?(55)
Ho, you sir! friend! Hear you, sir! speak!
Thus might he pass indeed: yet he revives.
What are you, sir?
GLOUCESTER:
Away, and let me die.
EDGAR:
Hadst thou been aught but gossamer, feathers, air,(60)
So many fathom down precipitating,
Thouedst shivered like an egg: but thou dost breathe;
Hast heavy substance; bleed'st not; speak'st; art sound.
Ten masts at each make not the altitude
Which thou hast perpendicularly fell:(65)
Thy life's a miracle. Speak yet again.
GLOUCESTER:
But have I fall'n, or no?
EDGAR:
From the dread summit of this chalky bourn.
Look up a-height; the shrill-gorged lark so far
Cannot be seen or heard: do but look up.(70)
GLOUCESTER:
Alack, I have no eyes.
Is wretchedness deprived that benefit,
To end itself by death? 'Twas yet some comfort,
When misery could beguile the tyrant's rage,
And frustrate his proud will.(75)
EDGAR:
Give me your arm:
UP:
so. How is't? Feel you your legs? You stand.
GLOUCESTER:
Too well, too well.
EDGAR:
This is above all strangeness.
Upon the crown o' the cliff, what thing was that(80)
Which parted from you?
GLOUCESTER:
A poor unfortunate beggar.
EDGAR:
As I stood here below, methought his eyes
Were two full moons; he had a thousand noses,
Horns whelked and waved like the enridged sea:(85)
It was some fiend; therefore, thou happy father,
Think that the clearest gods, who make them honors
Of men's impossibilities, have preserved thee.
GLOUCESTER:
I do remember now: henceforth I'll bear
Affliction till it do cry out itself(90)
‘Enough, enough,’ and die. That thing you speak of,
I took it for a man; often 'twould say
‘The fiend, the fiend:’ he led me to that place.
EDGAR:
Bear free and patient thoughts.
But who comes here?(95)
The safer sense will ne'er accommodate
His master thus.

[Enter King Lear, fantastically dressed with wild flowers]

KING LEAR:
No, they cannot touch me for coining; I am the
king himself.
EDGAR:
O thou side-piercing sight!(100)
KING LEAR:
Nature's above art in that respect. There's your pressmoney.
That fellow handles his bow like a crow-keeper:
draw me a clothier's yard. Look, look, a mouse! Peace,
peace; this piece of toasted cheese will do 't. There's my
gauntlet; I'll prove it on a giant. Bring up the brown bills. O,(105)
well flown, bird! i' the clout, i' the clout: hewgh!
Give the word.
EDGAR:
Sweet marjoram.
KING LEAR:
Pass.
GLOUCESTER:
I know that voice.(110)
KING LEAR:
Ha! Goneril, with a white beard! They flattered me
like a dog; and told me I had white hairs in my beard ere the
black ones were there. To say ‘ay’ and ‘no’ to every thing that
I said!—‘Ay’ and ‘no’ too was no good divinity. When the
rain came to wet me once, and the wind to make me chatter;(115)
when the thunder would not peace at my bidding; there I
found 'em, there I smelt 'em out. Go to, they are not men o'
their words: they told me I was every thing; 'tis a lie, I am
not ague-proof.
GLOUCESTER:
The trick of that voice I do well remember:(120)
Is 't not the king?
KING LEAR:
Ay, every inch a king:
When I do stare, see how the subject quakes.
I pardon that man's life. What was thy cause? Adultery?
Thou shalt not die: die for adultery! No:(125)
The wren goes to 't, and the small gilded fly
Does lecher in my sight.
Let copulation thrive; for Gloucester's bastard son
Was kinder to his father than my daughters
Got 'tween the lawful sheets.(130)
To 't, luxury, pell-mell! for I lack soldiers.
Behold yond simpering dame,
Whose face between her forks presages snow;
That minces virtue, and does shake the head
To hear of pleasure's name;(135)
The fitchew, nor the soiled horse, goes to 't
With a more riotous appetite.
Down from the waist they are Centaurs,
Though women all above:
But to the girdle do the gods inherit,(140)
Beneath is all the fiends';
There's hell, there's darkness, there's the sulphurous pit,
Burning, scalding, stench, consumption; fie, fie, fie! pah,
pah!
Give me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, to sweeten(145)
my imagination: there's money for thee.
GLOUCESTER:
O, let me kiss that hand!
KING LEAR:
Let me wipe it first; it smells of mortality.
GLOUCESTER:
O ruined piece of nature! This great world
Shall so wear out to nought. Dost thou know me?(150)
KING LEAR:
I remember thine eyes well enough. Dost thou
squiny at me? No, do thy worst, blind Cupid! I'll not
love. Read thou this challenge; mark but the penning
of it.
GLOUCESTER:
Were all the letters suns, I could not see one.(155)
EDGAR:
I would not take this from report; it is,
And my heart breaks at it.
KING LEAR:
Read.
GLOUCESTER:
What, with the case of eyes?
KING LEAR:
O, ho, are you there with me? No eyes in your(160)
head, nor no money in your purse? Your eyes are in a
heavy case, your purse in a light; yet you see how this
world goes.
GLOUCESTER:
I see it feelingly.
KING LEAR:
What, art mad? A man may see how this world(165)
goes with no eyes. Look with thine ears: see how yond
justice rails upon yond simple thief. Hark, in thine ear:
change places; and, handy-dandy, which is the justice,
which is the thief? Thou hast seen a farmer's dog bark at
a beggar?(170)
GLOUCESTER:
Ay, sir.
KING LEAR:
And the creature run from the cur? There thou
mightst behold the great image of authority: a dog's
obeyed in office.
Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand!(175)
Why dost thou lash that whore? Strip thine own back;
Thou hotly lust'st to use her in that kind
For which thou whipp'st her. The usurer hangs the
cozener.
Through tattered clothes small vices do appear;(180)
Robes and furred gowns hide all. Plate sin with gold,
And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks:
Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw does pierce it.
None does offend, none, I say, none; I'll able 'em:
Take that of me, my friend, who have the power(185)
To seal the accuser's lips. Get thee glass eyes;
And like a scurvy politician, seem
To see the things thou dost not. Now, now, now, now:
Pull off my boots: harder, harder: so.
EDGAR:
O, matter and impertinency mixed! Reason in madness!(190)
KING LEAR:
If thou wilt weep my fortunes, take my eyes.
I know thee well enough; thy name is Gloucester:
Thou must be patient; we came crying hither:
Thou know'st, the first time that we smell the air,
We wawl and cry. I will preach to thee: mark.(195)
GLOUCESTER:
Alack, alack the day!
KING LEAR:
When we are born, we cry that we are come
To this great stage of fools: this a good block;
It were a delicate stratagem, to shoe
A troop of horse with felt: I'll put 't in proof;(200)
And when I have stol'n upon these sons-in-law,
Then, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill!
GENTLEMAN:
O, here he is: lay hand upon him. Sir,
Your most dear daughter—
KING LEAR:
No rescue? What, a prisoner? I am even(205)
The natural fool of fortune. Use me well;
You shall have ransom. Let me have surgeons;
I am cut to the brains.
GENTLEMAN:
You shall have any thing.
KING LEAR:
No seconds? all myself?(210)
Why, this would make a man a man of salt,
To use his eyes for garden water-pots,
Ay, and laying autumn's dust.
GENTLEMAN:
Good sir,—
KING LEAR:
I will die bravely, like a bridegroom. What!(215)
I will be jovial: come, come; I am a king,
My masters, know you that.
GENTLEMAN:
You are a royal one, and we obey you.
KING LEAR:
Then there's life in't. Nay, if you get it, you shall
get it with running. Sa, sa, sa, sa.(220)
GENTLEMAN:
A sight most pitiful in the meanest wretch,
Past speaking of in a king! Thou hast one daughter,
Who redeems nature from the general curse
Which twain have brought her to.
EDGAR:
Hail, gentle sir.(225)
GENTLEMAN:
Sir, speed you: what's your will?
EDGAR:
Do you hear aught, sir, of a battle toward?
GENTLEMAN:
Most sure and vulgar: every one hears that,
Which can distinguish sound.
EDGAR:
But, by your favor,(230)
How near's the other army?
GENTLEMAN:
Near and on speedy foot; the main descry
Stands on the hourly thought.
EDGAR:
I thank you, sir: that's all.
GENTLEMAN:
Though that the queen on special cause is here,(235)
Her army is moved on.
EDGAR:
I thank you, sir.
GLOUCESTER:
You ever-gentle gods, take my breath from me:
Let not my worser spirit tempt me again
To die before you please!(240)
EDGAR:
Well pray you, father.
GLOUCESTER:
Now, good sir, what are you?
EDGAR:
A most poor man, made tame to fortune's blows;
Who, by the art of known and feeling sorrows,
Am pregnant to good pity. Give me your hand,(245)
I'll lead you to some biding.
GLOUCESTER:
Hearty thanks:
The bounty and the benison of heaven
To boot, and boot!
OSWALD:
A proclaimed prize! Most happy!(250)
That eyeless head of thine was first framed flesh
To raise my fortunes. Thou old unhappy traitor,
Briefly thyself remember: the sword is out
That must destroy thee.
GLOUCESTER:
Now let thy friendly hand(255)
Put strength enough to 't.
OSWALD:
Wherefore, bold peasant,
Darest thou support a published traitor? Hence;
Lest that the infection of his fortune take
Like hold on thee. Let go his arm.(260)
EDGAR:
Chill not let go, zir, without vurther 'casion.
OSWALD:
Let go, slave, or thou diest!
EDGAR:
Good gentleman, go your gait, and let poor volk pass. An
chud ha' bin zwaggered out of my life, 'twould not ha' bin zo
long as 'tis by a vortnight. Nay, come not near th' old man;(265)
keep out, che vor ye, or ise try whether your costard or my
ballow be the harder: chill be plain with you.
OSWALD:
Out, dunghill!
EDGAR:
Chill pick your teeth, zir: come; no matter vor your
foins.(270)
OSWALD:
Slave, thou hast slain me: villain, take my purse:
If ever thou wilt thrive, bury my body;
And give the letters which thou find'st about me
To Edmund earl of Gloucester; seek him out
Upon the British party: O, untimely death!(275)
EDGAR:
I know thee well: a serviceable villain;
As duteous to the vices of thy mistress
As badness would desire.
GLOUCESTER:
What, is he dead?
EDGAR:
Sit you down, father; rest you(280)
Let's see these pockets: the letters that he speaks of
May be my friends. He's dead; I am only sorry
He had no other death's-man. Let us see:
Leave, gentle wax; and, manners, blame us not:
To know our enemies' minds, we 'ld rip their hearts;(285)
Their papers, is more lawful.
'Let our reciprocal vows be remembered. You have many
opportunities to cut him off: if your will want not, time and place
will be fruitfully offered. There is nothing done, if he return the
conqueror: then am I the prisoner, and his bed my goal; from the(290)
loathed warmth whereof deliver me, and supply the place for your
labor. 'Your—wife, so I would say—affectionate servant,
‘Goneril.’

O undistinguished space of woman's will!
A plot upon her virtuous husband's life;
And the exchange my brother! Here, in the sands,(295)
Thee I'll rake up, the post unsanctified
Of murderous lechers: and in the mature time
With this ungracious paper strike the sight
Of the death-practised duke: for him 'tis well
That of thy death and business I can tell.(300)

[Reads]

GLOUCESTER:
The king is mad: how stiff is my vile sense,
That I stand up, and have ingenious feeling
Of my huge sorrows! Better I were distract.
So should my thoughts be severed from my griefs,
And woes by wrong imaginations lose(305)
The knowledge of themselves.
EDGAR:
Give me your hand:
Far off, methinks, I hear the beaten drum:
Come, father, I'll bestow you with a friend.

Scene VII

A tent in the French camp.
Lear on a bed asleep, soft music playing;
Gentleman, and others attending.

[Enter Cordelia, Kent, and Doctor]

[Exeunt all but Kent and Gentleman]

[Exit]

[Exit]

CORDELIA:
O thou good Kent, how shall I live and work,
To match thy goodness? My life will be too short,
And every measure fail me.
KENT:
To be acknowledged, madam, is o'erpaid.
All my reports go with the modest truth;(5)
Nor more nor clipped, but so.
CORDELIA:
Be better suited:
These weeds are memories of those worser hours:
I prithee, put them off.
KENT:
Pardon me, dear madam;(10)
Yet to be known shortens my made intent:
My boon I make it, that you know me not
Till time and I think meet.
CORDELIA:
Then be 't so, my good lord. [To the Doctor] How
does the king?(15)
DOCTOR:
Madam, sleeps still.
CORDELIA:
O you kind gods,
Cure this great breach in his abused nature!
The untuned and jarring senses, O, wind up
Of this child-changed father!(20)
DOCTOR:
So please your majesty
That we may wake the king: he hath slept long.
CORDELIA:
Be governed by your knowledge, and proceed
I' the sway of your own will. Is he arrayed?
GENTLEMAN:
Ay, madam; in the heaviness of his sleep(25)
We put fresh garments on him.
DOCTOR:
Be by, good madam, when we do awake him;
I doubt not of his temperance.
CORDELIA:
Very well.
DOCTOR:
Please you, draw near. Louder the music there!(30)
CORDELIA:
O my dear father! Restoration hang
Thy medicine on my lips; and let this kiss
Repair those violent harms that my two sisters
Have in thy reverence made!
KENT:
Kind and dear princess!(35)
CORDELIA:
Had you not been their father, these white flakes
Had challenged pity of them. Was this a face
To be opposed against the warring winds?
To stand against the deep dread-bolted thunder?
In the most terrible and nimble stroke(40)
Of quick, cross lightning? to watch—poor perdu!—
With this thin helm? Mine enemy's dog,
Though he had bit me, should have stood that night
Against my fire; and wast thou fain, poor father,
To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlorn,(45)
In short and musty straw? Alack, alack!
'Tis wonder that thy life and wits at once
Had not concluded all. He wakes; speak to him.
DOCTOR:
Madam, do you; 'tis fittest.
CORDELIA:
How does my royal lord? How fares your majesty?(50)
KING LEAR:
You do me wrong to take me out o' the grave:
Thou art a soul in bliss; but I am bound
Upon a wheel of fire, that mine own tears
Do scald like molten lead.
CORDELIA:
Sir, do you know me?(55)
KING LEAR:
You are a spirit, I know: when did you die?
CORDELIA:
Still, still, far wide!
Doctor:
He's scarce awake: let him alone awhile.
KING LEAR:
Where have I been? Where am I? Fair daylight?
I am mightily abused. I should e'en die with pity,(60)
To see another thus. I know not what to say.
I will not swear these are my hands: let's see;
I feel this pin prick. Would I were assured
Of my condition!
CORDELIA:
O, look upon me, sir,(65)
And hold your hands in benediction o'er me:
No, sir, you must not kneel.
KING LEAR:
Pray, do not mock me:
I am a very foolish fond old man,
Fourscore and upward, not an hour more nor less;(70)
And, to deal plainly,
I fear I am not in my perfect mind.
Methinks I should know you, and know this man;
Yet I am doubtful, for I am mainly ignorant
What place this is; and all the skill I have(75)
Remembers not these garments; nor I know not
Where I did lodge last night. Do not laugh at me;
For, as I am a man, I think this lady
To be my child Cordelia.
CORDELIA:
And so I am, I am.(80)
KING LEAR:
Be your tears wet? yes, faith. I pray, weep not:
If you have poison for me, I will drink it.
I know you do not love me; for your sisters
Have, as I do remember, done me wrong:
You have some cause, they have not.(85)
CORDELIA:
No cause, no cause.
KING LEAR:
Am I in France?
KENT:
In your own kingdom, sir.
KING LEAR:
Do not abuse me.
DOCTOR:
Be comforted, good madam: the great rage,(90)
You see, is killed in him: and yet it is danger
To make him even o'er the time he has lost.
Desire him to go in; trouble him no more
Till further settling.
CORDELIA:
Will 't please your highness walk?(95)
KING LEAR:
You must bear with me. Pray you now, forget and
forgive: I am old and foolish.
GENTLEMAN:
Holds it true, sir, that the Duke of Cornwall was so
slain?
KENT:
Most certain, sir.(100)
GENTLEMAN:
Who is conductor of his people?
KENT:
As 'tis said, the bastard son of Gloucester.
GENTLEMAN:
They say Edgar, his banished son, is with the Earl
of Kent in Germany.
KENT:
Report is changeable. 'Tis time to look about; the powers(105)
of the kingdom approach apace.
GENTLEMAN:
The arbitrement is like to be bloody. Fare you
well, sir.
KENT:
My point and period will be throughly wrought,
Or well or ill, as this day's battle's fought.(110)