Robert Louis Stevenson directed many of his works to young readers in deference to nineteenth century Romanticism’s idealization of the innocence of childhood and the fecundity of children’s imaginations. He believed strongly that youngsters were an important segment of the reading public. Kidnapped was originally published as a serial in a boys’ magazine, and Stevenson first won fame as a novelist with the children’s adventure story Treasure Island (1881-1882, serial; 1883, book). A Child’s Garden of Verses (1885) also falls in this category.
A large part of the popular appeal of Kidnapped lies with the historical-romantic nature of the plot. The novel revolves around a historical incident, the murder of Colin Campbell, the Red Fox of Glenure, and other historical figures appear, among them King George. Thus the nonhistorical but pivotal events of the plot—David Balfour’s trials and Alan Stewart’s escapades, which constitute the largest part of the novel—are tied to actual history. This intertwining of history and fantasy has the effect of personalizing history and making fantasy credible.
Another factor that enhances the verisimilitude of Kidnapped is Stevenson’s narrative technique. David tells his story in the first person. As a consequence, the reader develops a close rapport with the narrator and sympathizes with his plight. Most important, the first-person narrative makes...
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