Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Kazuo Ishiguro (ihsh-ih-gew-roh), a renowned British novelist, is the son of Shizuo and Shizuko (née Michida) Ishiguro. On May 9, 1986, he married Lorna Anne MacDougall. Their daughter, Naomi, was born in 1992.
A key event in Ishiguro’s life was accompanying his parents in 1960 to England, where his father was employed by the British government as an oceanographer. Although the family had left Japan expecting to return in a year or two, they remained in England, and Ishiguro did not return to Japan until 1989, when he was thirty-five. He graduated from the University of Kent in 1978 with an honors degree in English and philosophy and then completed an M.A. in creative writing at the University of East Anglia.
Ishiguro’s distinguished reputation as a major novelist rests on a reasonably small literary output—five novels in two decades. The novels continue to garner prizes and recognitions: his first novel, A Pale View of Hills, received the Winifred Holtby Award of the Royal Society of Literature; An Artist of the Floating World received the Whitbread Book of the Year Award for 1986; The Remains of the Day was awarded the Booker Prize for 1989, and When We Were Orphans was short-listed for the Booker in 2000.
Ishiguro’s novels are heavily invested in the past. Typically, they involve first-person narrators attempting to establish the past, despite the unreliability of memory in confronting past errors and sins of omission. A Pale View of Hills and An Artist of the Floating World are major accomplishments in their representation of a culture for which Ishiguro’s parents were his only resources. The first novel focuses on a Japanese mother, Etsuko, living in England, telling a story in which she explores her memory for the causes of her daughter’s suicide. The second novel, An Artist of the Floating World, is set in postwar Japan. Its narrator, Masuji Ono, is a painter confronting his complicity in the imperialist regime he represented as an official artist.
Although both novels were well received, it was The Remains of the Day, Ishiguro’s third novel, that launched him into international fame, later enhanced by the 1993 film adaptation starring Emma Thompson and Anthony Hopkins. Concerned that he was being pigeonholed as the author of “Japanese novels,” Ishiguro had made a radical break with his earlier literary production to write The Remains of the Day, a novel he described...
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Biography (Critical Survey of Long Fiction, Fourth Edition)
Kazuo Ishiguro was born on November 8, 1954, in the Japanese city of Nagasaki, the son of Shizuo Ishiguro, an oceanographer, and Shizuko (née Michida) Ishiguro. In 1960, the family moved to Guildford, near London, and their intended temporary stay became a permanent one. Immersed in British culture, and sent to what he has described as a typical British school, Kazuo Ishiguro formed his vision of Japan by means of childhood memories, Japanese films of the 1950’s, and the Japanese books that arrived every month at home, where the family conversed in Japanese.
After a short stint as a grouse beater for the British Queen Mother at Balmoral Castle in 1973 and employment as a social worker both before and after he earned his B.A. (with honors) in English and philosophy from the University of Kent in 1978, Ishiguro enrolled in the creative writing program at the University of East Anglia, where he earned an M.A. in 1980. Having started to write before he entered the graduate program, Ishiguro garnered immediate acclaim with his first novel, A Pale View of Hills, in 1982, yet he continued to work part time in a hostel for London’s homeless until the rewards he received for An Artist of the Floating World allowed him to focus exclusively on his fiction and film scripts.
While working on his third novel in 1986, Kazuo Ishiguro married Lorna Anne MacDougall, a fellow social worker; when The Remains of the Day was published in 1989, the couple was living in an unpretentious corner of London. Their daughter Naomi was born in 1991. In 1993, a film adaptation of The Remains of the Day, directed by James Ivory and starring Anthony Hopkins and Emma Thompson, solidified Ishiguro’s fame as a creator of exceptional, haunted characters. The film received eight Academy Award nominations.
As a writer, Ishiguro has rejected claims that his first two novels offer a realistic picture of his home country, which he had not seen between 1960 and 1989. Instead, he has insisted that it is a character’s memory of a conflict in life that held his artistic interest.
Biography (Magill's Survey of World Literature, Revised Edition)
Kazuo Ishiguro (ihsh-ih-GEW-roh) was born on November 8, 1954, in the Japanese city of Nagasaki, the son of Shizuo and Shizuko (née Michida) Ishiguro. In 1960, his father, an oceanographer, moved with his family to Guildford, near London, because the British government offered the scientist a job in connection with the exploration of the North Sea oil fields. Although the family initially assumed they would soon return to their native land, they found many practical reasons to stay in England, including the fact that Ishiguro’s father loved the comparative lack of social obligations in his new country. The family’s temporary stay became a permanent one, and Kazuo Ishiguro and his two sisters found themselves immersed in British culture.
Sent to what he described as a typical British school, Ishiguro felt fully integrated there. Reading with pleasure the novels of classic nineteenth century British writers, such as Charles Dickens and Charlotte Brontë, and growing up with the works of other influential European writers, such as Russian dramatist Anton Chekhov, Ishiguro nevertheless retained certain crucial ties to his native culture. His vision of Japan was formed by strong childhood memories, Japanese films of the 1950’s, and the Japanese books that arrived every month at home, where the family conversed in Japanese. His interest in films portraying a Japanese past that he himself remembered has remained very strong, and he acknowledges these films as a major artistic influence.
In the 1970’s, after completing his high school education, Ishiguro traveled and sustained himself with a variety of odd jobs. Taking his cues from his young British peers, he set out for countries, such as the United States and Canada, that fascinated them all. He did not feel a need or desire to physically explore a Japan with which he felt connected through his imagination. After a short stint as a grouse beater for the Queen Mother at Balmoral Castle in 1973, and employment as a social worker both before and after receiving his B.A. (with honors) in English and philosophy from the University of Kent in 1978, Ishiguro decided to try...
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Biography (Magill's Survey of World Literature, Revised Edition)
Kazuo Ishiguro’s desire to craft complex protagonists, whose experience is radically removed from the life of their author, has led to the creation of a remarkably diverse array of powerful literary characters who have fascinated an international audience. All of his first-person narrators tell of the primal conflict in their lives in their very own, intensely unique ways; they must all come to terms with past actions that have tainted their lives.
Despite their various shortcomings, which most often result from half-blind disregard for the consequences of their actions or the happiness of others and themselves, Ishiguro’s characters are nevertheless offered a final vision of grace that redeems rather than condemns them. This ultimate expression of a guarded optimism is a trademark of Ishiguro’s fiction.
Biography (eNotes Publishing)
Born in Nagasaki in 1954, Kazuo Ishiguro moved to England in 1960 with his family, settling outside of London. Although they assumed they would eventually return to Japan, they never did, for living in England suited them. Ishiguro became a British citizen in 1982; in 1986, he married Lorna MacDougall, a social worker, and they have one daughter. In 1989, he returned to Japan for the first time.
Both before and after attending the University of Kent, he hitchhiked around the United States and Canada and worked at a variety of odd jobs, including helping homeless people. He graduated from Kent in 1975, and later graduated from the now-celebrated but then little-known creative writing course at the University of East...
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Kazuo Ishiguro was born in Nagasaki, Japan, on November 8, 1954, to Shizuo (an oceanographer) and Shizuko (a homemaker). When he was six, he and his family moved to England where his father was commissioned by the British government to work on a project. Although the family expected to stay only a few years, his father’s work kept them there much longer until England had truly become their home. Although Ishiguro and his two sisters attended English schools and had fairly typical English childhood experiences, at home they spoke Japanese and integrated their Japanese roots into their lives. In fact, Ishiguro has said that his interest in writing started as a way to preserve his fading memories of Japan, a country he would not see again until 1989.
Ishiguro earned a bachelor of arts degree with honors in philosophy and literature in 1978, and then completed his master of arts in creative writing at the University of East Anglia in 1980. He worked as a social worker for a number of years (during and after college) until he was able to make a living as a writer. During his years as a social worker, he met Lorna Anne MacDougall, whom he married in 1986. They have a daughter named Naomi, who was born in 1992. Ishiguro’s interests include music and the cinema.
Despite his youth, Ishiguro has already built an impressive literary career. Each of his first three novels won awards—the third, The Remains of the Day won the prestigious Booker Prize—and all five of his novels to date have earned critical acclaim. Ishiguro’s novels deal with self-deception, regret, and personal reflection. His narratives are carefully wrought first-person accounts with a controlled tone that does not deter from the speaker’s deep soulsearching. Ishiguro is credited, alongside such highprofile writers as Salman Rushdie with breathing new life into contemporary British fiction. In 1995, Ishiguro was named to the Order of the British Empire for his contributions to literature.