Katlian (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Katlian led Tlingit resistance against Russian colonists in Alaska.
Katlian led his people in a sporadic war with Russian freebooters and colonists in the present-day Alaska panhandle. The Russians arrived in the Aleutian chain after the exploratory voyage of Vitus Bering (1741), where they forced the Aleuts to trap furs for export.
Born in Sitka, Katlian led a native raid there in 1799 that destroyed the first Russian fort in America. The Tlingits held the fort with great tenacity for two years until the Russians retook it with a force of 120 Russians and about 1,000 Aleuts. The Tlingets retreated from the fort in the face of cannon fire and armed assault, but they attacked the Russian fort at Yakutat in 1805. Raids continued after that; by 1818, a Russian warship was delegated to patrol Sitka harbor, after traders there appealed for protection.
(The entire section is 139 words.)
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