Kashmir (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
A former princely state in southern Asia, Kashmir is administered in two sections: Jammu and Kashmir by India and Azad Kashmir by Pakistan. In the fourteenth century, Kashmir was conquered by Muslims, who converted most of the Hindu and Buddhist population. Despite the large Islamic presence, the British planted seeds of unrest by installing a Hindu ruler there in 1846. When India was partitioned in 1947, Pakistani-backed Muslims revolted against Kashmir’s Hindu government. India reacted by sending in troops. After a United Nations cease-fire in 1949, the district was divided between India and Pakistan. The control of Kashmir has remained a point of violent contention since that time, and has sparked armed conflicts between Pakistan and India, such as the Indo-Pakistani Wars (1965-1971). In the 1990’s, the two nations even exchanged fire over control of Siachen Glacier, an area incapable of supporting human life.
(The entire section is 142 words.)
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