Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: The period 1905-1915 marked the beginning of twentieth century artistic principles. This was the decade of Die Brücke, an organized group of European artists and art lovers whose common interest was to encourage revolutionary methods of artistic expression. Schmidt-Rottluff, as a founding member of this influential group, maintained a lifelong dedication to its purposes.
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff was born Karl Schmidt. As a young man, he added “Rottluff” to his name, for the rural village, near Chemnitz (now Karl-Marx-Stadt), where he was born in 1884. Schmidt-Rottluff received his formal schooling between the years 1897 and 1905 at the Gymnasium in Chemnitz. He was virtually self-taught as an artist, though he received some formal training in the art classes that he attended twice weekly at the Chemnitz Kunstverein. As a student, he demonstrated interests in poetry, music, and the humanities as well as in art.
In 1905, Schmidt-Rottluff became a student of architecture at the Technical College of Dresden. It was in the same year that he and three of his fellow students, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, and Erich Heckel, decided to terminate their formal studies and seek free expression in painting. They were the founding members of a group known as Die Brücke (the bridge), so named by Schmidt-Rottluff because he wanted their label to symbolize that...
(The entire section is 1961 words.)
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