Kahn Blends Architecture and Urban Planning in Dacca (Great Events from History II: Arts and Culture Series)
Article abstract: Dacca afforded Louis I. Kahn unique opportunities to express his architectural spirituality, through the master planning of a new urban complex.
Summary of Event
Created under provisions of the India Independence Act of 1947, Pakistan was geographically separated by Indian territory into East and West Pakistan. Although East Pakistan would itself gain recognition as the new state of Bangladesh in 1974, the problems preventing the development of unified national sentiments and coherent rule were evident in the intervening twenty-seven years. To ameliorate such difficulties, Pakistani president Mohammad Ayub Khan decided during a June 12-13, 1959, governor’s conference at Nathiagali that, in addition to Pakistan’s western capital, Islamabad, the construction of a second capital for the eastern provinces at Dacca was essential. A Pakistani committee initially selected a two-hundred-acre capital site; as a result of discussions over the next two years and the urgings of the plan’s architect, however, the land to be made available for the capital enclave in Dacca was extended to one thousand acres to afford greater architectural freedom of expression.
The master plan for Dacca’s capital complex was entrusted by the Pakistani government to Philadelphian Louis I. Kahn, an architect whose work had only recently begun bringing him broad recognition. After years of artistic and spiritual...
(The entire section is 2087 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!