Juan Ramón Jiménez (Critical Survey of Poetry)
Other Literary Forms
Somewhat ironically perhaps, Juan Ramón Jiménez is probably best known for his Platero y yo (1914, enlarged 1917; Platero and I, 1956), a collection of sketches in prose largely about his native Moguer. As always in Jiménez’ noncritical work, however, his poetic vision and lyric expression are most apparent.
In 1903, Juan Ramón Jiménez revealed himself as a prolific poet, and by 1916 no one could surpass Jiménez’ position and influence as a poet in the Hispanic world. His twenty-two years spent in the United States, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and South America from 1936 to his death, indicated no overall diminution of his creativity as a writer or of his authority as a critic. Appropriately, both for the excellence of his work and the half century devoted to it, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956, the first Spaniard to win it since 1920.
Juan Ramón Jiménez was born in Moguer, a typical town in Andalusia, steeped in tradition, colorful but slow-moving. His father, Victor, had come from north-central Spain to make his fortune in viniculture, acquiring extensive vineyards and numerous wineries in Moguer. Purificación,...
(The entire section is 4384 words.)
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