John W. Quinney (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: John W. Quinney was a Mahican leader at the time the tribe relocated from the East to the Great Lakes area.
As a young man, John W. Quinney was taught to read and write English. He assisted Moravian missionaries in translating religious works into printed, phonetic Mahican (Stockbridge).
White encroachment in the early 1800's pushed the Mahicans from the Hudson River valley, and Quinney was instrumental in purchasing Menominee land in Wisconsin. The U.S. government was willing to grant citizenship to the Stockbridge, since the vast majority were Christianized. This would have effectively ended their existence as a separate tribe and ended their need for their own land. Quinney resisted American citizenship for his tribe.
Quinney was appointed grand sachem in 1852, although his family was not of the hereditary line of sachems; the appointment may have been largely honorary. He served until his death in 1855. Quinney was hostile to the Mohawk throughout his life and was resentful that his people were removed and the Mohawk were not.
(The entire section is 170 words.)
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