John Pendleton Kennedy, the son of a distinguished and well-to-do Baltimore family, spent his early years studying the classics, attending the theater, participating in debating societies, and, later, preparing himself for a career in the law. Shortly after his graduation from Baltimore College, Kennedy served in the War of 1812. After his return from active duty, he began to practice law, realized he found its details boring, and devoted every free moment to reading and writing.
By 1820, elected to the Maryland legislature, he had taken a firm stand in opposition to slavery. In the years that preceded the Civil War, he did his utmost to placate the extremists of both North and South, carrying on an extensive correspondence with men of influence in both sections in an effort to solve some of the problems and hostilities. A member of Congress from Maryland, 1838-1839 and 1841-1845, he fought for a congressional appropriation to test Samuel F. B. Morse’s telegraph; it was largely as a result of Kennedy’s persistence that the appropriation was made. During 1852-1853, he also served as secretary of the Navy.
Politically, Kennedy was a Unionist. He believed that the South had no right to secede, that the states “did not exist before the union of the Revolution but [were] derived from that union.” When the conflict broke out, he did everything he could of a humanitarian nature to ease the miseries of those affected by it.
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