John Maynard Keynes (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Keynes’s seminal work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, created a school that dominated economic thought in the mid-twentieth century and that continues to exercise a potent influence. Concern for world economic health, however, made him equally important in the arena of public affairs from World War I to the creation of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank after World War II.
John Maynard Keynes was born June 5, 1883, in Cambridge, England. His mother, Florence Ada Brown, came from a family of Scots whose relatives included the poet Robert Burns. His father, John Neville Keynes, a Pembroke Fellow lecturing in logic and political economy at Cambridge, traced his lineage to land grants in Cambridgeshire from the time of William the Conqueror (1066). John Maynard was the first child; a sister, Margaret, and brother, Geoffrey, completed the family by 1887.
His quick mind showed at age three, when Keynes mastered the alphabet. Before age nine, he was enrolled in a day school where he impressed few except in mathematics and vocabulary. By age eleven, however, he was first in his class. Although his family was constantly concerned about his health, Keynes participated in various physical activities, including daring bicycle riding (which resulted in a finger injury over which he was self-conscious throughout his life). In 1897, to the delight of his...
(The entire section is 2206 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!