Joel Chandler Harris was best known in his day for his collections of Uncle Remus tales, particularly Uncle Remus: His Songs and His Sayings and Nights with Uncle Remus, tales which were not created but recorded by him. When the American Academy of Arts and Letters was founded in 1905, Harris was elected to be one of the inaugural members. The black man/white boy which Harris uses in the Uncle Remus stories was highly influential on Mark Twain’s portrayal of the Jim/Huck relationship in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884). With the emergence of the Civil Rights movement, however, and with the portrayal of Uncle Remus as a man among cartoons in Walt Disney’s movie Song of the South, the figure of Uncle Remus (who was in part based on Harriet Beecher Stowe’s character Uncle Tom from Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 1852) fell into some amount of literary and political disfavor. Twentieth century studies of folklore have, however, established Harris’s importance as a folklorist who collected authentic black folk tales.