Joan of Arc Essay - Critical Essays

Analysis

Churchill is a master stylist who writes forcefully and clearly. The story of Joan is narrated with high suspense and moves quickly with hardly a pause. The author’s prose is replete with simple, action verbs yet is not without vivid images and well-turned phrases. Churchill is a storyteller who can make history come alive for young readers. His book is not a social, political, or military analysis of this facet of the Hundred Years’ War. Rather, it relates a tale that is intended to incite wonder.

The reader is not told why Joan of Arc is fighting the English and the Burgundians. Because this biography of Joan is taken from Churchill’s A History of the English-speaking Peoples, the course of the Hundred Years’ War before the appearance of Joan is omitted and she is discussed only for her role in the expulsion of the British from France. Churchill presents Joan as a French patriot and a courageous leader. Even more so, he portrays her as a universal type, who can be understood and admired outside any specific time and space. From this perspective, Churchill’s picture of Joan can stand on its own as a self-contained episode in this period of English history.

Churchill does not present his heroine as a foe of the English, but rather as a formidable resistance leader who might have appeared at any time in history. He is not biased in favor of a nationalistic viewpoint. Yet Churchill views Joan more as a national figure than as...

(The entire section is 424 words.)