Biography (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: President Carter was a conservative in some policies and a liberal in others. On the one hand, he attacked government bureaucracy, moved away from détente with the Soviet Union, and increased military spending; on the other, he supported racial equality, took seriously the problems of underdeveloped countries, and pressured repressive regimes to respect human rights.
James Earl Carter, Jr., thirty-ninth President of the United States, was born on October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia, a town of 550 in Sumter County. Jimmy, as he liked to be called, was the first child of James Earl Carter, Sr., an up-and-coming farmer and rural businessman, and Lillian Gordy Carter, a registered nurse. Along with his sisters Gloria and Ruth and his brother William (Billy), he grew up on the family farm three miles from Plains. After being graduated from Plains High School in 1941, he briefly attended Georgia Southwestern College and Georgia Institute of Technology. Carter was appointed to the United States Naval Academy in 1943 and was graduated three years later, standing fifty-ninth in a class of 820. On the seventh of July, 1946, he married Rosalynn Smith, a friend of his sister Gloria. They had four children: John William (Jack), James Earl III (Chip), Jeffrey (Jeff), and Amy.
After two years’ work on battleships, Carter transferred to the Navy submarine service in 1948 and then to the...
(The entire section is 2649 words.)
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