Bronz, Stephen A. Roots of Negro Racial Consciousness: The 1920’s, Three Harlem Renaissance Authors. New York: Libra, 1964. A discussion of Johnson’s influence on black attitudes of the 1960’s. Also discusses Countee Cullen and Claude McKay. Includes a bibliography.
Bruce, Dickson D., Jr. Black American Writing from the Nadir: The Evolution of a Literary Tradition, 1877-1915. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. Johnson is placed in the general context of the history and criticism of American and African American literature.
Fleming, Robert E. James Weldon Johnson. Boston: Twayne, 1987. An excellent literary biography.
Fleming, Robert E. James Weldon Johnson and Arna Bontemps: A Reference Guide. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1978. An extensive and useful bibliography.
Levy, Eugene. James Weldon Johnson: Black Leader, Black Voice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973. Provides sociological and historical emphasis.
Price, Kenneth M., and Lawrence J. Oliver, eds. Critical Essays on James Weldon Johnson. New York: G. K. Hall, 1997. Provides criticism and interpretation of Johnson. Addresses his intellectual place in American letters and the Harlem Renaissance.
Stepto, Robert B. Behind the Veil: A Study of Afro-American Narrative. 2d ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991. A good general study of the history of African American literature, of which Johnson is a big part.
Wilson, Sondra K., ed. In Search of Democracy: The NAACP Writings of James Weldon Johnson, Walter White, and Roy Wilkins, 1920-1977. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Provides insight into the history of the NAACP and perspectives from these men on African American history, race relations, and civil rights. Includes a bibliography and index.