Study Guide

James Leo Herlihy

James Leo Herlihy Biography

Biography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

James Leo Herlihy (HUR-luh-hee) was born in Detroit in 1927, the son of William Francis and Grace (Oberer) Herlihy. Of German-Irish descent, Herlihy was raised in Detroit and in Chillicothe, Ohio. He started writing at an early age. After graduating from high school in 1944 and serving in the U.S. Navy until 1946, Herlihy entered the highly innovative Black Mountain College. After graduating, he decided to try acting as a career and went to the Pasadena Playhouse School of the Theatre. His acting experience there and in other West Coast theaters between 1948 and 1952 encouraged him to write several plays, beginning with Streetlight Sonata, which was produced in Pasadena in 1950. Herlihy also appeared in a number of plays as an actor; in 1963 he played Jerry in a Paris production of Edward Albee’s Zoo Story. He also appeared in several films, among them Four Friends (1981), directed by Arthur Penn. The effects of his theater training and experiences are evident in his plays and novels, some of which proved to be successful cinematic vehicles, peopled with characters who speak with a rare authenticity.

Herlihy’s first novel, All Fall Down, is a convincing portrayal of an adolescent boy, Clinton Williams, who is confronted with the cruelty and evil of contemporary society but gains a measure of wisdom from his experience. Herlihy skillfully presents a number of entries in Clinton’s notebooks that reveal his gradually...

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James Leo Herlihy Bibliography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Bergonzi, Bernard. “Not Long Enough.” The New York Review of Books, November 9, 1967.

Folkart, Burt A. “J. L. Herlihy: Midnight Cowboy Author.” Los Angeles Times, October 23, 1993.

Indiana, Gary. “Naughty but Nice: Midnight Cowboy by James L. Herlihy/ All Fall Down by James L. Herlihy.” Village Voice, March 12, 1991.

Kaufmann, Stanley. “Queer Lives.” The New York Review of Books, November 11, 1965.

Raymer, Dorothy. “James Leo Herlihy.” Citizen, January 11, 1959.

Stuhlmann, Gunther. “From ‘Jim’ to ‘Jamie’: Remembering James Leo Herlihy.” ANAIS 12 (1995): 120.