James Graham, marquess of Montrose (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Montrose was the greatest Royalist general from Scotland in the English Civil Wars.
The early years of James Graham, marquess of Montrose, were uneventful. After university and a tour of Europe, he became interested in politics. In February, 1638, he signed a covenant that protested against the imposition of Anglican beliefs in Scotland. In August, 1640, Montrose helped lead the Covenanters in a counterattack against the English army, which was on the Scottish border.
The covenant Montrose had signed supported King Charles I of England, not the Anglican religion; when the Covenanters began to turn against the king, Montrose left them and joined Charles I. In February, 1644, Charles I made Montrose lieutenant governor and captain general in Scotland. In August, 1644, Montrose assembled an army of Irish and Highland men, who won six battles in 1644-1645. Montrose was finally defeated by a Covenanter army at Philiphaugh on September 12-13, 1645.
After Charles I ordered Montrose to disband in 1646, Montrose went to the Continent, where he became a field marshal for France and a field marshal under Ferdinand III, with permission to recruit soldiers for Charles I’s cause. In 1649, Montrose warned Charles II against accepting the crown from the Scottish Covenanters. In April, 1650, Montrose returned to Scotland to try to win the crown for Charles II, but he was defeated at...
(The entire section is 264 words.)
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