James Ewell Brown Stuart (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Highly successful Confederate cavalry commander.
An 1854 graduate of West Point, James Ewell Brown Stuart served in Texas with the Mounted Rifles, proving his worth as an innovative thinker. He later assisted in the raid on Harpers Ferry to capture John Brown, who had taken the arsenal in an effort to free Southern slaves.
In early 1861 after the outbreak of the American Civil War (1861-1865), Stuart resigned from the U.S. Army, joined the Confederacy, and had rapidly risen to the rank of colonel by the First Bull Run. Stuart was able to make the Union forces unaware that Brigadier General Joseph Eggleston Johnston’s army had withdrawn from the field until three days later. Stuart was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the Virginia cavalry in September.
Never ceasing to amaze his superiors or the enemy, Stuart took his cavalry on a daring ride around George B. McClellan’s army in June, 1862, gathering information that would lead to the Union’s defeat in the Seven Days’ Battles. A month later, Stuart raided the headquarters of General John Pope and brought General Robert E. Lee the needed information to defeat the Union Army at Second Bull Run.
Stuart was very successful in causing damage to the enemy’s rear. However, his heroics got the best of him at Gettysburg in 1863. Taking his cavalry on another one of its gallant rides around the...
(The entire section is 310 words.)
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