Bloom, Harold. Modern Black American Poets and Dramatists. New York: Chelsea House, 1995. Provides a biography of Emanuel and excerpts from book reviews and critical essays about his work. It also includes an excerpt from “The Task of the Negro Writer as Artist: A Symposium,” an essay Emanuel wrote explaining that all writers, regardless of race or ethnicity, must create work that is beautiful, powerful, and true.
Emanuel, James A. “James A. Emanuel.” http://www .james-a-emanuel.com. The official Web site for Emanual contains a brief biography, a bibliography, and interviews with the author.
Fabre, Michel. From Harlem to Paris: Black American Writers in France, 1840-1980. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1993. The chapter titled “James Emanuel: A Poet in Exile” discusses Emanuel’s life in France, particularly how people, sights, and experiences in and around Paris inspired his creativity, leading him to write poems such as “Lovelook Back,” “Clothesline, Rue Marie,” and “For Alix, Who Is Three.”
Hakutani, Yoshinobu. Cross-Cultural Visions in African American Modernism: From Spatial Narrative to Jazz Haiku. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2006. The chapter titled “James Emanuel’s Jazz Haiku and African American Individualism” focuses on Jazz from the Haiku King. The author describes how Emanuel uses haiku to convey elements of the African American experience and explains how Emanuel’s work was influenced by other writers.
Holdt, Marvin. Review of Black Man Abroad. Black American Literature Forum 13, no. 3 (Autumn, 1979): 79-85. Offers an extensive examination of the work and its message.
Watson, Douglas. “James Andrew Emanuel.” In Dictionary of Literary Biography: Afro-American Poets Since 1955, edited by Thadious M. Davis and Trudier Harris. Vol. 41. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 1985. Provides a well-developed biography and criticism of Emanuel’s work.