James I Becomes King of England and Scotland (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: James I becomes king of England and Scotland, negotiating an alliance between Scotland and England and launching the Stuart dynasty that governs the two countries until 1714.
Summary of Event
Henry VIII of England was survived by three children, each of whom succeeded him in turn. Edward VI died at the age of sixteen; he never married and left no children. Mary Tudor was married to Philip II of Spain, but was already past childbearing age at the time of her marriage. At her death, she was succeeded by her half sister Elizabeth, who likewise left no children. With Elizabeth’s death in 1603, the Tudor dynasty that had occupied the English throne since 1485 came to an end. Henry’s VIII’s sister Margaret had been the wife of James IV of Scotland and the mother of James V, who was in turn the father of Mary Stuart, queen of Scotland, the mother of James VI. Thus in 1603, it was James VI of the House of Stuart who possessed the best claim to the English throne.
James had been born on June 19, 1566. He was only fifteen months old when he succeeded his mother to the Scottish throne. His Catholic mother had been driven out of Scotland by the Calvinist nobility for marrying James Hepburn, earl of Bothwell, shortly after the unsolved murder of her estranged husband, Lord Darnley. She fled to her cousin Elizabeth in England, where she was made a prisoner for nineteen years. In 1587, she was...
(The entire section is 2222 words.)
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