Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Jacqueline Kennedy was one of the most famous First Ladies of the twentieth century. The American people associate her with the glamour and excitement of her husband’s brief presidency, his tragic death, and the troubled history of her celebrated family.
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born on July 28, 1929, to John Vernou Bouvier III and Janet Lee Bouvier in Southampton, Long Island, New York. Her father was a stockbroker and a member of a wealthy Roman Catholic family of French heritage. Her mother came from a prominent family in New York whose wealth was based on banking. During her early years, Jacqueline and her younger sister, Lee, grew up in comfortable circumstances. A local reporter covered her second birthday party, and the press noted her appearances in horse shows with her mother.
The Bouvier marriage encountered problems during the mid-1930’s. After several separations, the couple divorced in 1940. Jacqueline and Lee lived with their mother but saw their father on weekends. His lessons about social behavior and the way that young women interacted with men made a great impression on Jacqueline. Her mother later married Hugh D. Auchincloss, also a prosperous stockbroker. Jacqueline attended Miss Chapin’s School in New York City and entered Miss Porter’s School in Connecticut when she was fifteen. She was presented to society in 1947. One columnist named her his...
(The entire section is 2008 words.)
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