Jacobite Rebellions (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Recovery of the thrones of England and Scotland for James II and his descendants. Result: Victory for the forces of the incumbent British monarchs and elimination of the Jacobites as a credible opposition.
The Jacobites were the followers of the deposed King James and his descendants who sought the restoration of his Stuart line to the thrones of England and Scotland. King James reigned in England as James II from 1685 to 1688 and also in Scotland, a separate kingdom at the time, as James VII.
James alienated many by his autocratic methods, and his professed Roman Catholicism made many of his Protestant subjects uncomfortable. When his second wife, Mary of Modena, gave birth to a son, a Roman Catholic successor to the throne seemed certain. A small but influential group, known as the Immortal Seven, contacted Prince William of Orange, a Protestant, and requested that he and his wife, Mary, come to England and serve as monarchs. Mary was a Protestant and the daughter of James by a previous marriage. Responding to the invitation, William set sail for England with an army of 15,000 and landed at Torbay in November, 1688. James was unable to act decisively and, faced with the desertion of some of his troops, fled England in December of 1688. He went into exile in France.
Although the exile of James and the installation of William III, a foreign prince, as king...
(The entire section is 912 words.)
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