Jackson Is Elected President (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: In the wake of the Missouri Compromise, a new political party system is born, along with the trappings of modern political campaigns.
Summary of Event
The presidential campaign of 1828 was among the bitterest in U.S. history. It is also one of the most discussed and analyzed, in part because it symbolized a number of practices and trends that were developing in American society. The 1828 contest followed on the heels of the famous “corrupt bargain” election of 1824 and matched the same two major protagonists—John Quincy Adams, the president, and Andrew Jackson. The contest in 1824 also had included William H. Crawford, then secretary of war, and Henry Clay, congressman from Kentucky. When no candidate received a majority in the electoral college, the selection went to the House of Representatives. There, Clay threw his support and electors behind Adams; upon assuming the presidency, Adams named Clay as secretary of state. Jackson and his supporters complained about the “corrupt bargain” that cost Jackson the election and vowed to return in 1828.
More important than the “corrupt bargain,” however, was the formation of a new political party system, first conceived in the wake of the Missouri Compromise by the Georgian Crawford and New York politician Martin Van Buren as a way to stifle further political debate over slavery. The Missouri Compromise had built into the process by...
(The entire section is 1496 words.)
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