Jackson Becomes the First Major Black Candidate for U.S. President (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Jesse Jackson’s candidacy brought minority-rights issues to the forefront of American politics.
Summary of Event
The society of the United States in the 1980’s reflected a history of distinctly different opportunities for African Americans and white Americans. African Americans had faced slavery, and even after emancipation had experienced discrimination in education, housing, employment, voting, and other aspects of social life. Throughout World War II, black soldiers fought for the “double V,” meaning victory against America’s enemies abroad and victory against racial oppression within American society. President Harry S. Truman integrated the U.S. armed forces in 1948, and by 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court had declared, in Brown v. Board of Education, that “separate but equal” schools were inherently unequal and unconstitutional. Rising expectations gave birth to the U.S. Civil Rights movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr. Defeating segregation was the highest priority of the Civil Rights movement. Black and white civil rights workers were beaten, imprisoned, and killed during this struggle, but peaceful demonstrations, sit-ins, freedom rides, and boycotts were the main tactics used to achieve the movement’s goals. Dr. King was assassinated in 1968. Supporters, such as Jesse Jackson, continued his work and carried the fight for racial equality into the political arena....
(The entire section is 2574 words.)
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