J. J. P. Oud (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Oud is one of the founders of functional modern architecture, which through subtle techniques he imbued with an elegance and style achieved by few other architects. With a pronounced social commitment, Oud specialized in handsome yet low-cost housing and public buildings.
Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud showed an interest in architecture at an early age. Possibly because of the ferment involving architectural styles at the turn of the century as well as a decided turn toward social commitment by the more progressive European states, an architect friend of his father suggested the son concentrate on the technical rather than aesthetic aspects of architecture. Consequently, Oud studied at the Rijks Normal School for Drawing Masters in Amsterdam and the Technical School of the University of Delft. He then worked as a designer with architectural firms in both The Netherlands and Germany. His basic training was thorough, especially in the technical aspects of architecture and in the knowledge of building materials. While still a student, Oud designed his first building for a member of his family.
While at Delft, Oud came under the influence of Hendrik Petrus Berlage, an early functionalist and considered to be the father of modern Dutch architecture. Berlage emphasized structural rationalism in architecture involving simplicity of form and clarity of structure. According to Berlage, the...
(The entire section is 1820 words.)
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