Boyer, Jay. Ishmael Reed. Boise, Idaho: Boise State University Press, 1993. A brief (fifty-two-page) installment in the publisher’s Western Writers series.
Dick, Bruce, and Amritjit Singh, eds. Conversations with Ishmael Reed. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995. A collection of twenty-six interviews with Ishmael Reed, which cover the years 1968-1995. Includes one self-interview and a chronology of Reed’s life.
Dick, Bruce Allen, and Pavel Zemliansky, eds. The Critical Response to Ishmael Reed. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999. Discusses Reed’s novels in chronological order; contains book reviews, essays, an interview in which Reed discusses works in progress, a chronology of his life, and bibliographical information.
Fox, Robert Elliot. Conscientious Sorcerers: The Black Post-Modern Fiction of LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka, Ishmael Reed, and Samuel R. Delaney. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987. Situates Reed within both the tradition of black fiction and the self-conscious style of contemporary postmodernist fiction.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. The section on Reed examines his fiction, especially the novel Mumbo Jumbo, as an extension of the tendency of black English to play deliberately with language.
McGee, Patrick. Ishmael Reed and the Ends of Race. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. Looks at Reed’s refusal to meet expectations associated traditionally with African American writers, and examines his use of satire and his antagonism toward political correctness.
Reed, Ishmael. Conversations with Ishmael Reed. Edited by Bruce Dick and Amritjit Singh. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995. A collection of twenty-six interviews with Ishmael Reed, which cover the years 1968-1995. Includes one self-interview and a chronology of Reed’s life.
Weisenburger, Steven. Fables of Subversion: Satire and the American Novel, 1930-1980. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995. Discusses Reed’s use of encyclopedic Menippean satire in Mumbo Jumbo.