Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: A constitutional crisis pits the powerful legislative branch against an unpopular president.
Summary of Event
When the House of Representatives passed a resolution on February 24, 1868, declaring that President Andrew Johnson should be impeached, no one was surprised. Angry Republicans, especially the radical faction who saw Johnson as the great enemy of their program, had, in January, 1867, put through the House a resolution directing the Judiciary Committee to inquire into Johnson’s conduct. The many charges made against the president included an accusation that he had been involved in the Lincoln assassination plot, and although the committee recommended impeachment, the House of Representatives voted it down.
The impeachment campaign arose over Johnson’s alleged violation of the Tenure of Office Act passed by Congress on March 2, 1867, and subsequently passed again over the president’s veto. This act made the removal of cabinet officers subject to approval by the Senate. Even supporters of the bill declared that its provisions referred only to cabinet members appointed by a...
(The entire section is 1164 words.)
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