Iliad, The (Myths and Legends of the World)
One of the greatest of ancient Greece, the Iliad tells of events during the final year of the Trojan Warlegendary war between the Greeks and the people of Troy that was set off by the kidnapping of Helen, wife of the king of Sparta; inspiration for Homer's epics the Iliad and the Odyssey. Iliad means "poem of Ilios," one of the names of the city of Troy in .
The Greek poet Homer is credited with creating the Iliad. Some scholars, however, doubt that Homer ever existed and suggest that the poem was woven together by generations of storytellers. In any case, the Iliad had a tremendous impact on Greek culture and holds an important place in world literature.
Background of the Trojan War. Long before the events described in the Iliad, the Greeks had been drawn into a war with Troy because of the beautiful Helen of Troy Helen was actually Greek, the wife of King Menelaus of Spartaancient Greek city-state. She lived happily with Menelaus until Prince Paris of Troyromised the most beautiful woman in the world by the goddess ame to Greece in search of the famous beauty. Paris took Helen back to Troy. Honoring a pledge to Menelaus, the kings and princes of Greece joined together to rescue Helen and set sail for Troy with their armies to wage war....
(The entire section is 1083 words.)
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