Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Kurchatov was the father of atomic power in the Soviet Union. He played a pivotal role in the introduction and advancement of atomic energy as a peaceful source of power in that country and was a leader in the development of the Soviet Union’s atom bomb in the late 1940’s.
Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov was born on January 12, 1903, at the village of Sim Mill, in the Ural Mountains, in Russia. His father, Vasili Alekseevich, was, at different times in his career, a surveyor and a forester’s assistant. Igor’s mother, Mariya Vasilevna Ostyroumeya, was the daughter of the local parish priest in Sim Mill. Igor was the second of three children born to Vasili and Mariya; his sister, Antonina, was the eldest and his brother, Boris, the youngest.
In 1909, Igor’s formal education began when his family moved to the town of Simbirsk to allow him to attend the Simbirsk Gymnasium, an acclaimed regional primary school. Three years later, he transferred to the Simferopol Gymnasium, after his family moved to the Crimean town for his sister’s health. Igor excelled in virtually every subject in his early education, but it was not until his teens, after reading a book on engineering and physics, that he chose physics as what would later be his life’s work. In 1920, after working days and going to school at night, Igor was graduated from the Simferopol Gymnasium...
(The entire section is 2216 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!