Ignáciode Loyola Brandão Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Ignácio de Loyola Brandão (brahn-DOWN) is most noted for his socially conscious fiction of resistance during the years of authoritarian military rule in Brazil, from 1964 to 1985. He was born in a small city in the state of São Paulo, where he wrote film reviews as a teenager. At twenty, he moved to the cosmopolitan city of São Paulo, where he worked for numerous newspapers and magazines. As a journalist, he covered students’ movements, workers’ organizations, and living conditions in the slums. These concerns appear with some frequency in his fiction, which thematically constitutes a portrayal of life in contemporary urban centers and is characterized by the use of cinematic techniques, elements of pop culture, journalistic language, and documentary approaches.o, Ignácio de Loyola[Brandao, Ignacio de Loyola]}{$S[A]Loyola Brand{atilde}o, Ignácio de[Loyola Brandao, Ignacio de];Brand{atilde}o, Ignácio de Loyola}o, Ignácio de Loyola[Brandao, Ignacio de Loyola]}o, Ignácio de Loyola[Brandao, Ignacio de Loyola]}

Because of the climate of fear and repression of the early 1970’s, Brandão’s controversial book Zero was rejected by several publishers. It first appeared in Italy, in a prestigious series of contemporary Latin American fiction in translation. After the book’s success in Europe, a Brazilian publisher risked releasing the original, which was an immediate sensation and won a significant national book award in 1975. Military authorities banned it, but a campaign led by intellectuals and publishers resulted in a new authorization. At the end of the decade, Zero again appeared on best-seller lists in Brazil. After that time, Brandão produced several new titles and saw his work translated into English, Spanish, French, and German.

Brandão’s personal definition of literature foregrounds “the defense of human dignity and...

(The entire section is 769 words.)