Ignacio (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Ignacio was leader of the Southern Ute during negotiations with the U.S. government for a Ute reservation.
The Southern Ute, comprising the Wiminuche, Muache, and Capote bands, occupied land in the San Juan Mountains of southwestern Colorado, venturing into New Mexico, Utah, and the San Luis Valley of Colorado on hunting and trading forays. In 1849, they signed a treaty recognizing the authority of the U.S. government. During the 1860's, mining discoveries attracted white prospectors to the Colorado mountains; in 1863 the Capote, Wiminuche, and Tabeguache Utes agreed to accept a large reservation in western Colorado. Pressure from white settlers and miners resulted in reductions of the Ute reservation in 1868 and 1873. In 1878 the Southern Utes accepted a smaller reservation in southwestern Colorado and received their own agency in the San Juan basin.
A member of the Wiminuche band of the Southern Ute, Ignacio was born in the San Juan Mountains in 1828. His father, also a medicine man, was killed by a dying man's family after he failed to cure him. Ignacio exacted revenge by killing all twelve members of the family of the dead man. He grew to be a peace-loving man, however, and a chief of the Wiminuche. He counseled cooperation with whites and abided by all treaties between his people and the United States. Although Ouray of the Tabeguache (or Uncompaghre) band was considered the chief of all the Utes by the...
(The entire section is 378 words.)
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