IBM Introduces a Personal Computer with a Standard Hard Disk Drive (Great Events from History II: Science and Technology Series)
Article abstract: IBM Corporation was the first manufacturer to offer a personal computer with a large-capacity disk drive (hard disk) system as standard equipment, giving desktop computers large storage capabilities.
Summary of Event
When International Business Machines (IBM) introduced its first microcomputer, called simply the IBM PC (for “personal computer,” the name by which all such single-user systems are now generally known), the occasion represented less a dramatic invention than the confirmation and legitimization of a trend begun some years before. A number of companies had introduced personal computers before IBM; one of the best known at that time was Apple Corporation’s Apple II model, for which desirable software for business and scientific use was quickly developed. Nevertheless, the personal computer was quite expensive and was often looked upon as an oddity, not as a common tool. Under the leadership of its chairman, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., giant mainframe computer manufacturer IBM decided to develop the PC. A PC design team headed by Philip D. Estridge was assembled in Boca Raton, Florida, and it quickly developed its first, pace-setting product. It is an irony of history that IBM anticipated selling only a hundred thousand or so of these machines, mostly to scientists and technically inclined hobbyists. Instead, IBM’s product sold exceedingly well, and its design parameters as well as its...
(The entire section is 2107 words.)
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