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I died for beauty, but was scarce
Adjusted in the tomb,
When one who died for truth was lain
In an adjoining room.
He questioned softly why I failed?
"For beauty," I replied.
"And I for truth—the two are one;
We brethren are," he said.
And so, as kinsmen met a-night,
We talked between the rooms,
Until the moss had reached our lips,
And covered up our names.
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ED may be alluding in this poem to Shelley's poem "Ode on a Grecian Urn," which includes the enigmatic lines "Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty."
She frames the poem, of course, as a death scene, a common motif in ED's poetry. The implication of the second stanza is that Truth and Beauty are, certainly after death, either equally unimportant or equally important.
ED's image of moss covering up the two who died for Truth and Beauty equally indicates that, as she said in the second paragraph, "the two are one." Or, more likely, ED believes that when they died, their truth and beauty died with them--there is no sense of those attributes surviving death.