Hungarian Renaissance Under Mátyás Hunyadi (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Hungarian renaissance under Mátyás Hunyadi expands the boundaries of Hungary, establishes an advanced legal code and court system, ushers in enlightened social and judicial policies, and inspires lasting cultural achievements in Hungary.
Summary of Event
When Ladislas V Posthumous, king of Hungary, died in Prague without an heir, Mátyás Hunyadi, the eighteen-year-old second son of the Hungarian national hero, János Hunyadi, became a leading candidate for the crown. Mihály Szilágyi, the young Hunyadi’s uncle, organized the small nobles in his favor and, on January 24, 1458, a Diet in Buda elected him king. Claims of Casimir of Poland and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, respectively the brother-in-law and uncle of Ladislas, were rejected. Szilágyi and János Vitez, Hunyadi’s tutor and mentor, then negotiated the release of the young king from Prague. George Podiebrad, king of Bohemia, extracted a substantial ransom, but he also betrothed his daughter, Catherine, to Hunyadi. The Diet enacted a law forbidding the new king to impose taxes without their consent; to which Hunyadi pledged in his coronation oath. Nobles also were prohibited from bringing armed retainers to Diet meetings, thus bringing peace and calm to such meetings and allowing the king to rule effectively. With the aid of Vitez, Mátyás Hunyadi quickly repaid his uncle for the ransom payment to Podiebrad. Hunyadi also...
(The entire section is 1540 words.)
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