The Hound of the Baskervilles Summary

Summary (Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

The Hound of the Baskervilles

When Dr. Mortimer visits Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson in their rooms in Baker Street, he brings a centuries-old account of the death of the debauched and ruthless Sir Hugo Baskerville, allegedly killed by a diabolical hound. Dr. Mortimer’s friend and neighbor, Sir Charles Baskerville, recently died under circumstances that suggest that this ancient curse on the family persists. Mortimer is concerned for the safety of the Canadian heir, Sir Henry Baskerville, who is to arrive in London the next day en route to the Baskerville estate in Devon. Mortimer also describes the few neighbors on the moor, a group consisting of Mr. Stapleton, Miss Stapleton, Mr. Frankland, and Mr. Frankland’s daughter.

Arriving with Mortimer the next day, Sir Henry shows Holmes a note warning him to stay away from Baskerville Hall, and Holmes discovers evidence that his visitors were followed. Although Holmes is intrigued by the problem, he says that he has other obligations to honor first, so it is agreed that Watson will go to Baskerville Hall as companion, observer, and protector. From the Hall, Watson writes Holmes regularly and in detail about everything he learns and observes.

The moor, already forbidding at night, is now terrorized by Selden, the notorious murderer, who escaped from Princetown prison. Added to the presence of Selden and the possibility that the diabolical, night-stalking Hound of the Baskervilles has returned is the peculiar behavior of Barrymore and his wife. On the first night, Sir Henry and Watson hear a woman’s loud sobs. Later, Watson observes Barrymore stealthily placing a candle in a second floor window. By catching him in the act, Watson and Sir Henry force Barrymore and his wife to admit that he is signaling Selden, the murderer, who is Mrs. Barrymore’s younger brother. Sir Henry and Watson try unsuccessfully to catch Selden by following his answering light. In the process, Watson notices a tall, thin figure on a hill and deduces that this might be the person who warned Sir Henry against coming to Dartmoor. He determines to find this man and discover his intentions. Miss Stapleton, mistaking Watson for Sir Henry, urgently warns him to leave Devon. Sir Henry, meeting her later, is overwhelmed by her beauty and character and is on the point of declaring his love for her when Stapleton suddenly appears on the moor and castigates Sir Henry for daring to declare his affections. Stapleton follows this odd action by a visit during which he begs Sir Henry’s pardon and explains how accustomed he has become to his sister’s company. He invites Sir Henry to dinner and Sir Henry happily accepts.

During this time, Watson discovers that a young woman wrote a letter to Sir Charles asking him to meet her at the spot where the ghostly hound later chased him and frightened him to death. After speaking with her, he finds that she wrote the note at Stapleton’s urging. On his return to Baskerville Hall, Watson observes through Frankland’s telescope a boy running across the moor toward the remains of the Neolithic stone huts on the hillside. Since Barrymore and his wife have been supplying Selden, the supplies carried by this boy must be for the mysterious stranger Watson saw on the moor. Watson examines a number of stone ruins until he finds one containing evidence of habitation. There he sits and waits. At nightfall, he hears footsteps and a familiar voice. It is Holmes, who has been keeping watch on the moor while reading Watson’s reports. Scanning them for clues, he investigated Stapleton’s background, finding that he is in fact another heir to the Baskerville fortune and that the young woman living with him is his wife. As Holmes and Watson speak, a terrible scream announces the death of Selden, who, wearing Sir Henry’s cast-off clothes, fell fatally while pursued by the spectral hound. Laying a trap that night, Holmes, Watson, and Inspector Lestrade—just arrived from Scotland Yard—ambush and kill the hound as it stalked Sir Henry. Stapleton escapes into the Grimpen Mire, where he apparently takes a wrong step and sinks into the bog. Stapleton, it transpires, was the spy in London, and the woman posing as his sister sent the warning note.

The Hound of the Baskervilles Overview

For many years, the region around the Baskerville estate was poor and backward, but when Sir Charles Baskerville returns to claim his estate,...

(The entire section is 256 words.)

The Hound of the Baskervilles Extended Summary

Sherlock Holmes is sitting at the breakfast table one morning when Watson arrives and peruses a walking stick left by an unknown visitor to the Baker Street apartment the night before. Holmes invites his doctor friend to make his best guess about the mysterious visitor based on both the engraving and the stick itself; when he does, Holmes commends him and Watson is pleased with the praise for his deductions. Unfortunately, his conclusions were wrong; the praise was for inspiring Holmes to draw more accurate conclusions. The walking stick appears to belong to a young doctor who once worked in a London hospital and now practices medicine in a rural setting and owns a dog. A quick look at the Medical Directory shows Holmes to be correct, even down to the dog (a spaniel)—which Holmes sees as he rises and looks out the window. Holmes invites Watson to stay and expresses his anticipation of an adventure about to begin.

The visitor is Dr. Mortenson. Once he is settled, he presents his rather unusual problem. In his pocket he carries a document given to him by Sir Charles Baskerville, a friend who died three months ago. The letter, written in 1742, relates the story of a family curse placed on Hugo Baskerville, “a most wild, profane, and godless man.”

Hugo Baskerville is lord of a manor and has fallen in love with a young peasant woman who lives near his estate. On a night when he knows her father and brothers will be away, Hugo and five or six men kidnap her and hide her in an upstairs room. The frightened girl hears the drunken revelry downstairs and escapes down the ivied wall and strikes out on foot over the moors toward her home, which is three leagues distant. When Hugo discovers the girl has left, he returns to his men and unleashes his fury. One of the men suggests they release the hounds on her, and Hugo immediately acts on the idea. He orders a groom to saddle his horse and release the dogs; after giving them the girl’s kerchief, the hounds race in “full cry” over the moors by moonlight.

The entire thing happens so quickly that the drunken men do not at first respond to this dramatic event, but soon they grab pistols and flagons of wine and mount in pursuit. They pass a shepherd on the moors and ask if the maiden had passed by, but he is stuck dumb with fear and does not respond at first. When he finally speaks, he tells them he saw the maiden being chased by the dogs, but he also saw something else—Hugo Baskerville riding maniacally with a “hound of hell” in silent pursuit. The men move on and soon see Hugo’s mare, frothing at the mouth and riderless, heading their way. The men are frightened but go on to find their friend. Soon they see the bravest dogs cowering in fear at the edge of a gorge. A few of the more intrepid (or sober) men move forward to see the fallen body of the maiden, who died of fright and exhaustion. Then they see their fallen friend as a huge black beast, larger than any hound they have ever seen, tears his throat out. The men turn shrieking from the sight and never recover from the shock. Since then, many Baskerville men have suffered violent and mysterious deaths. Because of this, the letter warns, no Baskerville should ever be caught on the moors at night.

At the end of the reading, Holmes dismisses the story as a fairy tale until the doctor produces a relatively current newspaper article that recounts the death of Sir Charles Baskerville, the most recent bearer of the family name. He was a widower known for reviving the family’s fortunes and demonstrating his munificence to the town. The Barrymores are a husband and wife serving as butler and housekeeper, and they detail the events of the evening of Sir Charles’s death. As always, Sir Charles walked the Yew Alley of Baskerville Hall to smoke a cigar before retiring. That night he did not return. Barrymore found his body at the end of the Alley. The murder remains unexplained, though there are several bits of evidence from which to work. First, the man’s footprints appeared to have changed partway down the Alley; second, the man’s face was contorted to such an extreme that Dr. Mortenson did not believe it was his friend when he saw him. The coroner’s verdict was death from natural causes. The next Baskerville heir, Sir Henry Baskerville, a nephew, has been notified.

Holmes is a now a bit more interested and asks for any particulars that may not have been detailed in the newspaper account. Mortenson says he did withhold several things from the public report, fearing no one would ever again inhabit Baskerville Hall if he told all he knows. There was an incident several weeks before the death in which both he and Hugo caught a glimpse of some huge, otherworldly creature on the grounds; it was on this night that Mortenson received the letter from his friend. Also, twenty yards from Hugo’s body on the night of the murder, the doctor observed the footprints of a giant hound, which is something he would not have looked for if he had not known the legend. Others have reported seeing “a huge creature, luminous, ghastly, and spectral” roaming the moor. The doctor is convinced there may be supernatural elements at work. He is seeking the great detective’s advice regarding the wisdom of bringing the last Baskerville heir to such a doomed fate. Holmes asks for twenty-four hours to ponder, and Mortenson agrees to bring Sir Henry to see him tomorrow. Holmes spends the day studying a map of Devonshire and assimilating all the known data; Watson does the same.

In the morning their guests arrive, and the young baronet explains that he would have come to see Holmes even if the doctor had not brought him—he, too, has a mystery to solve. He has received a clumsily crafted letter warning him to stay away from the moors if he values his life and his reason. It was delivered to his hotel room. He had only chosen that hotel at the last moment, so it is evident someone is following him. Also, one of his new boots was stolen or misplaced overnight. Dr. Mortenson tells Henry about the letter and the curse, and Henry insists that he will continue the journey to his ancestral home. The four men agree to meet again in several hours; when the visitors depart on foot, Holmes rushes Watson to gather his coat and hat in order to follow them and discover who is following the Baskerville heir. Holmes sees a man in a taxi with a large, bushy beard (probably fake) following the two men; when he endeavors to catch the man, Holmes is spotted and the man shouts for his taxi driver to make a getaway. Holmes berates himself for his ineptitude but does get the number of the taxi for further investigation.

At lunch, Sir Henry is angry that one of a second pair of boots has been stolen, although the hotel assures him they will be found. Holmes asks Mortenson if he has an acquaintance in Devonshire with a bushy black beard, and the doctor names Barrymore, Sir Charles’s butler. They establish, via telegram, that Barrymore is at the Hall. They also find Henry’s new boot in the very room in which they are dining. Furthermore, the amount of money left by Sir Charles after some small settlements and charitable donations is 750,000 pounds; however, the only one who inherits any significant money is Sir Henry, and the next in line for inheritance is a saintly man who refused even a small settlement from Sir Charles. The complexity of the mystery heightens for Holmes, and he asks Henry to allow Watson to accompany him when he goes to Baskerville Hall. Watson will keep Holmes apprised of events there while he finishes some important cases in London.

At Baker Street that night, the cab driver Holmes had followed comes to inquire into a complaint about his service. When Holmes questions the man, he gets very little useful information about the bearded passenger who left town on a train except his name—Sherlock Holmes. Holmes is amused by the audacity of the bearded man and expresses his misgivings about sending Watson on this trip. Watson assures his friend that he is armed and will take every precaution for his safety.

Before Watson leaves, Holmes asks him to send regular reports of the activities in Devonshire untainted by whatever theories Holmes is pondering. Sir Henry’s other boot is lost for good, and the three men board the train as planned. A waiting carriage takes them to Baskerville Hall. They leave behind them the more lush and fertile land and arrive on the moors, a dark, austere, and melancholy place. Dr. Mortenson spies an armed soldier on a hill and asks what has prompted such security. The driver tells him that an escaped convict, the Notting Hill murderer, has created fear in the area for the past three days.

Barrymore greets them when they arrive at the hall, and Dr. Mortenson goes straight home to his wife and waiting practice. Sir Henry purposes to install more lighting, for the hall is an intimidating sight in the darkness of the moors. Inside he shows his delight at the imposing structure, which has been his ancestral home for five hundred years. Barrymore is polite but tells the new Baskerville master that he and his wife will be leaving as soon as it is convenient. When questioned, the butler says they were enough staff for a reclusive elderly man but are not prepared for a young man and his future needs. When pressed further, Barrymore says they were too emotionally attached to their former master to continue on here without him. Neither excuse rings true. That night Watson has trouble sleeping; in the middle of the night, he hears a woman’s muffled sobbing but nothing more. The next morning things appear much less formidable to both men. When Barrymore is asked if heard a woman crying in the night, he denies hearing anything of the sort; however, his wife’s red, swollen eyes tell a different story. Sir Henry settles in front of a mountain of paperwork, and Watson heads to town.

Watson is dismayed to find that the telegram sent from London to establish Barrymore’s physical presence in Devonshire had failed, making the black-bearded butler the most likely murder suspect in Watson’s mind. Watson is hailed by a man with a tin container and a net, who introduces himself as Jack Stapleton of Merripit House. The naturalist addresses Watson by name and presumes the famous Sherlock Holmes is working on the Baskerville murder case. Stapleton has been in the area two years, knows (from Dr. Mortenson) that Sir Charles had a heart condition, and is adept at circumventing the deadly bogs of the Grimpen Mire on the moor. By paying careful attention to certain landmarks, he is able to navigate the dangers of the swampy spots and reach the habitats of the creatures he is studying. Suddenly they hear a low, haunting sound, a kind of strange moaning floating over the moor; Stapleton dismisses it as the sound of some nearly extinct bird, but Watson is not convinced. As Stapleton flits off to chase a butterfly, Watson is startled by a young woman who emphatically warns him to leave the moors. Stapleton returns and introduces his sister, Beryl, who is embarrassed to have mistaken Watson for Sir Henry. They go to Merripit House, and Watson is struck by how little resemblance there is between these siblings. On his way home, he is...

(The entire section is 4586 words.)