Horney, Karen Clementine (Psychologists and Their Theories)
GERMAN PSYCHIATRIST, PSYCHOANALYST, PROFESSOR
UNIVERSITY OF FREIBURG; UNIVERSITY OF BERLIN
The study of mental health and the feminist movement are deeply indebted to Karen Horney for offering the world innovative and alternative views of psychodynamic theories. She influenced society and the treatment of the mentally ill in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Ironically, Horney never perceived herself as a feminist, and many aspects of her lifestylespecially her dependence on having a man in her lifeppear to make that label problematic. In Europe, where Horney was born and began her career, the study of the mind was completely male-dominated, and came to be firmly under the sway of three men that were her contemporaries: Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler. Yet despite these three disparate voices, Karen Horney was also able to make her voice heard.
Horney is often described as a neo-Freudian, but her view of neurosis is markedly different from Freud's. She became convinced that neurosis was much more a normal component of life than it was in Freud's universe. Where Freud perceived neurotics made sick by forces beyond their control in the subconscious, Horney saw people termed neurotic attempting to make their lives bearable. She called their symptoms a means of "interpersonal...
(The entire section is 19018 words.)
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