Horace Gregory was a twentieth century renaissance man of letters, who made contributions in a number of literary fields. His first book of poetry was regarded as an impressive debut, and throughout his long career, he published poems in a wide range of literary journals, including The New Yorker, The Atlantic, and Saturday Review of Literature. He won numerous honors for his work, including the Levinson Prize from Poetry magazine in 1934, the Russell Loines Award in 1942, a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1951, a Union League Civic and Arts Poetry Prize in 1951, a fellowship from the Academy of American Poets in 1961, and the Bollingen Prize for poetry in 1965. With his wife, Marya Zaturenska (who won a Pulitzer Prize in poetry in 1938 for Cold Morning Sky), he wrote one of the best studies of the crucial period in American poetry, A History of American Poetry, 1900-1940 (1946). His criticism covered not only American writers such as James Whitcomb Riley and James McNeill Whistler, but also British writers such as Lawrence and Richardson. He edited volumes by American poets (E. E. Cummings, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow) and British poets (Violet Paget), as well as collections of religious verse and student verse, and with his wife, he edited one of the best collections of poetry for children (The Crystal Cabinet: An Invitation to Poetry, 1962). His own critical essays were distinguished by both insight and elegance. Very few poets of his generation—T. S. Eliot would be another—had an impact on such a wide range of literary subjects and genres.