Homosexuality and Bisexuality (Encyclopedia of Children's Health)
Homosexuality is the consistent sexual and emotional attraction, including fantasy, interest, and arousal to a person of the same sex. Bisexuality is the sexual and emotional attraction to members of both sexes.
References to homosexuality and bisexuality can be found in recorded history and literature dating back thousands of years. They are part of a trio of classifications referred to collectively as sexual orientation. The third is heterosexuality, the sexual and emotional attraction to members of the opposite sex. Both male and female homosexuals are commonly referred to as gay while homosexual females are called lesbians.
The earliest documentation of homosexuality in Western civilization occurs in ancient Greece, where same-sex relationships were considered normal by society. Although there were some homosexual relationships between adult males, most were between men and boys. Although there is some disagreement among historians, a number of historical figures were believed to be gay, including Alexander the Great (356 B.C.23 B.C.), Plato (20 B.C.5 A.D.) Virgil (Vergil) (70 B.C.9 B.C.), Leonardo da Vinci (1452519), and Michelangelo (1475564). Homosexuality in Asian, especially Japanese and Chinese,...
(The entire section is 2781 words.)
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