Hitler Comes to Power in Germany (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: Hitler comes to power in Germany and leads the Nazi Party, marking the end of German democracy in the 1930’s and ushering in political changes that lead to World War II.
Summary of Event
On the morning of January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler took the oath of office from the venerable president of the Weimar Republic, Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg. That evening thousands of torch-bearing Nazi Brown Shirts, or members of the paramilitary Sturm Abteilung (SA), marched through the Brandenburg Gate past the new chancellor, celebrating their victory over the forces of German democracy. The Third Reich, which would bring Hitler the fanatical allegiance of the majority of Germans and which would lead to the vast holocaust of World War II, had begun.
Hitler’s movement, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP), had begun with a handful of malcontents in Munich shortly after World War I. His ruthlessly brilliant leadership differentiated it from the many other racist-nationalist groups of the era. Hitler had first tried to grasp power in 1923 at the Beer Hall Putsch, but Weimar democracy had prevailed, and by the time of the 1928 elections, the Nazis appeared to be no more than an annoying inconsequential party of the lunatic fringe radical right. Their combination of nationalism, anti-Marxism, anti-Semitism, anti-big business “socialism,” militaristic agitation, and...
(The entire section is 1968 words.)
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