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Dred Scott v. Sandford
Article abstract: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Congress cannot limit slavery in the territories, nullifying the Missouri Compromise.
Summary of Event
Few decisions of the United States Supreme Court have had the political repercussions of Dred Scott v. Sandford (documents of the time misspelled the defendant’s name). The decision supplied the infant Republican Party with new issues against the Democrats, already divided by the civil war in Kansas referred to by modern historians as Bleeding Kansas. The decision also was an embarrassment to the Republicans, for in denying the authority of Congress to legislate on slavery in the territories, the ruling destroyed the major platform of...
History: The South, since 1886 voted for the Democratic Party. How did the Republican Party...
The Republicans’ takeover of the South began because of racial reasons and continued because of cultural reasons.
Beginning at least in the 1950s (it is worth noting that the “Dixiecrats” ran in opposition to the regular Democratic Party in 1948) the South started to move away from the Democratic Party since the Democrats were becoming the party of civil rights. Much of the South was ardently segregationist. When the Democrats started to favor civil rights (this accelerated in the 1960s), the South moved towards the Republicans.
This trend became more pronounced in the 1960s as the continuing Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War, and the “counterculture” all worked to push Southerners away from the...
The former English lord deputy of Ireland Charles Blount, 8th Lord Mountjoy, dies at London April 3 at age 43, having finally married Lady Penelope Rich, who obtained a divorce from her husband after bearing Mountjoy's five children.
Russian boyars drive the pretender from the throne and May 17 and murder him as the "time of the troubles" continues. Having caused the death of the "false Demetrius," the Muscovite boyar Basil Shuiski makes himself czar and begins a 4-year reign as Basil (Vasily) IV.
The Austro-Turkish Treaty of Zsitva-Török November 11 recognizes the equality of the Austrians, relieves...
History: Why Was Nelson Mandela Sent To Prison?
100 Important Vocabulary Terms
These 100 essential Social Studies vocabulary words are used for students to practice and master over the trimester and school year. By doing so, it will help students better understand the concepts and skills involved with the Indiana State Standards for Social Studies. Each of the Social Studies teachers at our school uses them for their class. I will provide guidelines for the testing over the vocabulary words in another document.
World War II: How did governments convince the perpetrators who were gulity of mass...
To some extent, the governments involved in the mass killings of World War II did not have to convince their people to participate in those killings. To the extent that they did have to convince them, it was done through the use of propaganda and, to some degree, fear.
Some of the perpetrators were motivated by long-standing hatreds that were not really caused by any governmental body. For example, there had been a long history of anti-Semitism in Germany (and elsewhere) before WWII. As another example, the ethnic Russians of the Soviet Union were strongly anti-Polish due to ethnic/nationalistic rivalries. Such people did not need much convincing to participate.
Government propaganda helped to push people towards...
History objective questions.
History: What advantages did the North have over the South in the U.S. Civil War?
The primary advantage that the North had over the South was manufacturing capability. The North had already had an industrial revolution and had the ability to produce better weapons and more weapons. Obviously, this was a huge advantage for the North! The South was still dependent on slavery and this hindered their ability to industrialize.
Other advantages the North had over the South include a considerably larger population, naval power, and superior military leadership.
Emerging in England in the mid- to late eighteenth century, and reflecting a similar trend in continental literature at the time, literary sentimentalism or "sensibility" prioritized feeling. It developed primarily as a middle-class phenomenon, reflecting the emphasis on compassion or feeling as a desirable character trait in the newly emergent middle class. Although, on the one hand, the reader might take pleasure in feeling itself, in England by the 1770s the rise of sensibility was also linked to a growing activismhe awareness of and concern for the suffering of others reflected in, for example, the antislavery movement, concerns about child labor, and the campaigns for better hospitals, prison...
Culture in the Pre- American Revolution Colonies
This is a PPT slide show that focuses on the culture of the colonies leading into the American Revolution.
Article abstract: A measure that attempts to pacify both Northern and Southern sectional interests by allowing slavery to exist in the southern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory.
Summary of Event
Between 1818 and 1819 both the territories of Missouri and Maine petitioned the U.S. Congress to be admitted as new states. The Missouri Territory had been created from the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and was promised constitutional protection. However, Congress could not decide if the right of property applied to the institution of slavery. Should it be allowed in Missouri and the rest of the Louisiana Purchase, or did Congress have the moral responsibility to rectify the issue of slavery that had...
World War II: Who were the perpetrators in the various occasions of mass killing in WWII?
There were many perpetrators of the various mass killings that happened during World War II. The most famous mass killings were what we now call the Holocaust, but there were others. Some of the perpetrators were military, some were paramilitary, and others were simply civilians.
Some of the mass killings were carried out by paramilitary units. For example, one non-Holocaust mass killing was the killing of Polish officers and others by the Soviet Union at Katyn Forest. This killing of over 20,000 military officers, police officers, and intelligentsia was carried out by members of the Soviet secret police, which could be seen as a paramilitary group.
Other mass killings were carried out by more formally military...
Food Security Act Contains Conservation Provisions
Article abstract: The Food Security Act of 1985 contained conservation provisions to reduce soil erosion, to prevent an overabundance of grain crops, and to protect wetlands.
Summary of Event
On December 23, 1985, Congress passed the Food Security Act (FSA). By passing the act, Congress recognized the value of taking erodible cropland out of production in the United States. Prior to the act, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimated that 3.1 billion tons of soil were eroding annually on approximately 420 million acres of cropland. In addition, 3.7 million acres of land were being converted annually from pasture and wetlands to cropland. Title 12 of the FSA contained provisions to...
History: Why did the United States enter World War I?
Since the beginning of World War I in 1914, the United States, under President Woodrow Wilson, had maintained strict neutrality, other than providing material assistance to the Allies. Even in May 1915, when a German submarine sank the British ocean liner Lusitania, killing 128 U.S. citizens out of a total 1,200 dead, the United States, though in uproar, remained neutral.
In January 1917, Germany announced that it would lift all restrictions on submarine warfare starting on February 1. This declaration meant that German U-boat commanders were suddenly authorized to sink all ships that they believed to be providing aid of any sort to the Allies. Because the primary goal was to starve Britain into surrendering, the...
Civil War Timeline
Using the internet and various reference books, students will create a timeline of significant events of the Civil War. They will be able to discuss social, political, and economic causes and effects of the war based on the information used for the final product.
History: What did the Opium Wars between China and Britain indicate regarding China's...
In order to answer this, you need to think about what the Opium Wars were about and what their result was. These were wars that were fought because the British wanted to sell opium to the Chinese while the Chinese government wanted to prevent them from doing so. The British overwhelmingly defeated the Chinese. This gave them the right to sell opium in China. It also gave them the right to get various concessions from the Chinese, allowing the British, for example, to try their own citizens in their own courts rather than making them subject to Chinese law.
So, we have a case in which the British were able to force China to grant them major concessions, including the right to sell narcotics in China. This clearly tells...
The Middle Ages, or medieval (med-EE-vul) period, lasted roughly from A.D. 500 to 1500. It was an era of great changes in civilization, a transition between ancient times and the modern world. With the rise of the Roman Catholic Church and other institutions, Western Europe during this period grew apart from Eastern Europe, which centered around Greece and its Orthodox Church. The Middle East at the same time experienced the explosion of the Muslim, or Islamic, faith, and the region became home to a series of Arab and Turkish empires. Farther east, and in Africa and the Americas, other great empires—among them those of the Chinese, the Mongols, and the Incas—rose and fell.
History: Name three positive and negative impacts the American Industrial Revolution had on...
The Industrial Revolution was a long process of economic change in the United States, lasting well over a century. There are more advantages and disadvantages than are listed here, but let me choose a few of the more important ones in my opinion:
1) Improved peoples' daily lives - by diversifying the number and quality of the kinds of products factories could turn out, ordinary Americans learned better, lived better and had more time on their hands as conveniences and efficiencies defined the Industrial Revolution
2) Transportation and technology - the expansion of business and factories expanded our transportation network out of necessity and brought us canals, highways and...
World War II
The Second World War was fought from 1939 to 1945. In those six years, more soldiers were killed than in any war that had ever been fought. More civilians died because of the war than ever before in history. In no other war did so many people lose their homes, their possessions, their whole way of life. The total number of deaths from World War II has been estimated at 50 million, which is about 1 out of every 5 people in the United States today.
History: What national and international events precipitated the Marcus Garvey's movement...
Both Marcus Garvey’s UNIA and the KKK were nationalist organization in the United States. They were both helped to prominence in the 1920s by some of the same factors.
In the international arena, one of the major causes of their rise was World War I. Another was the rise of radical ideas such as socialism and anarchism in Europe. Both of these influenced events in the United States which, in turn, influenced the rise of these organizations.
World War I influenced the rise of these groups largely through the fact that it caused the movement of many African Americans to the North. It also helped expose some African Americans to influences from outside the country. This led African Americans to form more of a...