Hillary and Tenzing Are First to Reach Top of Mount Everest (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: After thirty years of unsuccessful attempts by many different expeditions, New Zealand beekeeper Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest on May 29, 1953, nearly one hundred years after the height of the mountain was first measured.
On May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa Tenzing Norgay reached the summit of Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak at 29,035 feet (8,850 meters). For thirty years, many people had been attempting to reach the top of Everest, but the desire to summit the mountain probably first arose shortly after the mountain’s identification as the world’s highest peak nearly one hundred years earlier.
Everest was first noticed in 1803 by British army officers stationed in Nepal, a small country located between India and Tibet. Mount Everest, known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Chomolungma, is located in the Himalayan mountain range, which runs along the Nepalese border with Tibet. Throughout the 1800’s, the British surveyed India in an effort to accurately map their colony. Because the independent Nepalese would not allow British surveyors into Nepal, the Himalayan peaks were first measured from the India/Nepal border, more than one hundred miles away. Measurements taken during 1847 and 1849 were analyzed in 1854, and a final height of 29,002 feet (8,840 meters) was announced in 1856. The...
(The entire section is 978 words.)
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