List of Characters
King Henry IV—King of England who usurped power from Richard II.
Lord John of Lancaster—younger son to King Henry; brother to Henry, Prince of Wales.
Earl of Westmoreland—nobleman; loyal member of King Henry’s court.
Sir Walter Blunt—nobleman and loyalist to King Henry.
Henry, Prince of Wales—elder son to King Henry IV; called Hal by his comrades; future King of England.
Sir John Falstaff—friend to Hal; chief member of a gang of ruffians with whom Hal associates.
Thomas Percy—Earl of Worcester; brother to Henry Percy; uncle to Hotspur.
Henry Percy—Earl of Northumberland; father to Henry Percy (Hotspur).
Henry Percy—son to Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland; called Hotspur.
Lord Mortimer—Edmund, Earl of March.
Lady Mortimer—wife to Edmund; daughter to Owen Glendower.
Owen Glendower—Welsh rebel; father to Lady Mortimer.
Archibald—Earl of Douglas; Scot captured by Hotspur.
Sir Richard Vernon—sympathizer to the Percy Rebellion.
Lady Percy—wife to Hotspur; sister to Lord Mortimer.
Gadshill—member of Falstaff’s gang of thieves who arranges robberies.
Poins—a member of Falstaff’s gang.
Bardolph—comedic member of Falstaff’s gang of ruffians.
Peto—another gang member.
Francis—waiter at the Boar’s Head Tavern.
Vintner—innkeeper at the Boar’s Head Tavern.
Mistress Quickly—hostess at the Boar’s Head Tavern.
Archbishop of York—Richard Scroop; member of the Percy Rebellion.
Sir Michael—friend to the Archbishop of York.
Carriers—men who deliver goods.
Chamberlain—employee at the inn who serves meals.
Ostler—manager of the inn.
Travelers—traders on their way to London.
Servant—works at Warkworth Castle in Northumberland.
Sheriff—searches inn for money reported stolen.
Messenger—men who bring news to rebels.
Characters Discussed (Cyclopedia of Literary Characters, Revised Third Edition)
King Henry IV
King Henry IV, England’s troubled ruler. Haunted by his action in the deposition of his predecessor and kinsman, Richard II, and indirectly in that man’s death, as well as deeply disturbed by the apparent unworthiness of his irresponsible eldest son, he also faces the external problem of rebellion. He wishes to join a crusade to clear his conscience and to carry out a prophecy that he is to die in Jerusalem.
Prince Hal, later King Henry V. A boisterous youth surrounded by bad companions, he matures rapidly with responsibility, saves his father’s life in battle, and kills the dangerous rebel Hotspur.
Sir John Falstaff
Sir John Falstaff, a comical, down-at-the-heels follower of Prince Hal, considered by many to be one of William Shakespeare’s finest creations. He is the typical braggart soldier with many individualizing traits. As he says, he is not only witty himself but also the cause of wit in other men. He is a cynical realist, a fantastic liar, and a persuasive rascal as well as apparently being a successful combat soldier. His colossal body appropriately houses his colossal personality.
Thomas Percy, the earl of Worcester, a leading rebel against King Henry IV. He conceals the king’s offer of generous terms from his nephew Hotspur, thereby causing the young warrior’s death. He is executed for treason....
(The entire section is 581 words.)