Bibliography (Cyclopedia of Literary Characters, Revised Third Edition)
Austin, Norman. Helen of Troy and Her Shameless Phantom. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1994. The fullest account of the Helen story. Devotes nearly seventy pages to Euripides’ play. Close reading, comment, bibliography.
Burnett, Anne Pippin. Catastrophe Survived. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1971. Argues that Theonoe makes crucial decisions and saves the play from frivolity. Regards the play as a comedy of ideas.
Segal, Charles. “The Two Worlds of Euripides’ Helen.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 102 (1971): 553-614. Surveys critical responses to the play and focuses on its serious philosophical aspects. Argues that it transcends its genre.
Taylor, Don. Introduction to Euripides: The War Plays, by Euripides. London: Methuen, 1990. Comments on Helen as a production, along with two other plays on the Trojan War; discussion concerns not only the war context but also the play’s comic aspects.
Whitman, Cedric H. Euripides and the Full Circle of Myth. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974. Stresses the theme of appearance versus reality. Sees the play as a romance and as a drama of ideas.
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