Hatoyama Ichirō (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Hatoyama was the architect of the postwar conservative coalition which has ruled Japan as the Liberal Democratic Party (Jiyu-Minshuto) since 1955.
Hatoyama Ichirō was the son of Hatoyama Kazuo, who was graduated from Kaisei Gakko (now Tokyo University), studied at Columbia and Yale universities, and returned to Japan to pursue a distinguished career in diplomacy and party politics, being elected to the Diet in 1892 and rising by 1896 to become Speaker of the House. Hatoyama’s mother, Haruko, was a leading educator of women who founded Kyoritsu Joshi Shokugyo Gakko (now Kyoritsu Women’s University) and served as the school’s president from 1922 until her death. Hatoyama’s younger brother, Hideo, represented Japan at the League of Nations, served in the Diet like his father and brother and was a respected legal scholar. The family was wealthy and well-positioned to make significant contributions to the development of modern Japan.
Hatoyama was graduated from Tokyo Imperial University in 1907 with a specialty in English Law. In 1915, he was first elected to the Diet as a member of the Seiyukai Party. As a protégé of Tanaka Giichi, he served as chief cabinet secretary from 1927 to 1929, when Tanaka was prime minister. Hatoyama became embroiled in controversy when, as Tanaka’s cabinet secretary, he helped draft legislation applying the...
(The entire section is 1799 words.)
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