Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
One of the most influential literary critics of the late twentieth century, Harold Bloom has contributed to a renewed appreciation for the Romantic poets and to a clearer understanding of the relationship between writers and their predecessors. The son of William and Paula Lev Bloom, he was born in New York City on July 11, 1930. At Cornell University, where he received his B.A. in 1951, he studied under M. H. Abrams, a scholar of Romanticism, though Bloom has said that his own interest in this period antedated his college years. From Cornell, Bloom went to Yale University, receiving his Ph.D. in 1955. His dissertation on Percy Bysshe Shelley won for Bloom the John Addison Porter Prize in 1956 and became his first book, Shelley’s Mythmaking.
Hired by Yale, he rose quickly through the academic ranks, becoming De Vane Professor of the Humanities in 1974 and then Sterling Professor. His work has been widely recognized: He has received a Guggenheim Fellowship (1962-1963), the Melville Cane Award (1971) for Yeats, the Morton Dauwen Zabel Award from the National Institute and American Academy of Arts and Letters (1981), a MacArthur Foundation Award (1985), and a Boston Book Review Rea Nonfiction Prize (1995) for The Western Canon. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human was named a finalist for the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award and a New York Times Notable Book of the Year. A...
(The entire section is 1258 words.)
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