Hare (American Indians Ready Reference)
The Hare, or Kawchittine, Indians inhabited a large portion of northwestern Canada. The Hare were unique in that they depended almost entirely on the snowshoe hare for subsistence. Though a few other large animals and fish were consumed, there were not enough caribou and moose in the area they occupied to support the tribe. Because of the limited amount of game available to them, Hare Indians regularly suffered periods of starvation until as recently as 1920. Because they were required to travel great distances in search of food, their relatively small population of 700-800 people covered more than 45,000 square miles of very diversified territory.
Hare Indians hunted large game with bows and arrows as well as with spears. Trout and whitefish were captured with nets and hooks; snowshoe hare were captured in snares. Food was smoked, dried, or frozen for winter storage. The Hare used birchbark and spruce canoes for water transportation, and snowshoes for winter travel. Women dragged toboggans to transport food and family possessions. Snowshoe hare skins were woven into blankets and capes. Caribou skins were used for pants, shirts, and mittens. Families lived in tipis covered with moss for insulation.
Hare Indians placed a high value on sharing and believed in the importance of dreams. Dreams were thought to predict their future and help them make important life decisions. Medicine men were said to receive their powers from spirits, whom they...
(The entire section is 408 words.)
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