Hancock (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Hancock led his tribe in North Carolina's bloody Tuscarora War against white settlers.
Little is known about Hancock except that, in 1711, he ordered his tribe to retaliate for the abusive treatment of his people at the hands of the English colonists in the Carolina colony. The tribe was located primarily in eastern North Carolina, in the rich and fertile lands along the Roanoke, Tar, Pamlico, and Neuse Rivers. Population estimates put their numbers at about five thousand during Hancock's reign.
Throughout the first two decades of the eighteenth century, the Tuscaroras were abused by English settlers in the Carolinas. Slave traders raided their settlements and settlers took their most fertile lands away from them. The colonists’ most incendiary act occurred in 1711, when more than four hundred Swiss colonists under the command of the opportunistic Baron Christoph Von Graffenreid drove a number of families off a large tract of Indian land. Hancock ordered retaliatory raids throughout eastern North Carolina, which led to Von Graffenreid's capture and the death of the colony's surveyor-general, John Lawson, author of the famous narrative A New Voyage to Carolina (1709). The raids escalated so that the war involved the Coree, Pamlico, and Machapunga tribes as well as the Tuscarora. Nearly 140 settlers, mostly Swiss, died in the initial attacks.
In 1712, North and South Carolina sent a...
(The entire section is 349 words.)
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